China Standardization Law
It is no doubt that “China Standardization Law” is the foundation stone of Chinese standardization system. The new Standardization Law of China was published in November 2017 and implemented on 1 January 2018. Prior to the 2017 Standardization Law reform, the development of Chinese standards was largely centralized, with the majority of standards-setting power vested in the government. As China’s economy became more integrated into the world, Chinese government has recognized that its standardization regime had to change, thus some market driven elements were introduced into this system during this reform.
Since China’s standardization reform involves many major principle changes, from the original “government leading the development of standards” to “dual supply of government standards and market standards”, the new model of “mandatory national standards + voluntary national, sectoral and local standards” is more in tune with the EU’s model of “mandatory technical regulations + voluntary standards”. While the “SAC + associations standards” in China will be market standards and will play the similar role comparable to the American National Standards Institute’s (ANSI) assessments of standards. Nevertheless, this reform will also have a far-reaching impact on the market and how enterprises can adjust.
Standardization Related Regulations
There are two key administrative Regulations published by the State Council of China directly addressing to the standardization Law reform. the “Reform Plan on Deepening the Standardization Work” was published in March 2015, and the “Notice on the Action Plan (2015-2016) for Releasing and Implementing the ‘Reform Plan on Deepening the Standardization Work’ in August 2015. It was under the guideline of these two documents, that was standardization Law reform implemented. China Standardization Law 2017 version reflected all the strategic points of these two documents and a serial of actions were implemented nationally to fulfill the requirements inside them.
There are about 20 regulations either directly supporting the “Standardization Law” or regulating ministries and sectors standardization activities. With the new Standardization Law implemented on January 1, 2018, most standardization related regulations need to be modified to comply and support the new law. For example, the association standards were introduced into China standardization system for the first time, then the management rule of associations standards should be drafted.