MIIT calls for comments on China’s Taxonomy Standard for the Driving Automation of Vehicles

17/03/2020

On March 9, 2020, MIIT issued a call for comments on the recommended national standard GB/T Taxonomy of Driving Automation for Vehicles (draft for approval).

This standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification principles, and technical requirements of driving automation systems for vehicles, and it is applicable to type M and N vehicles.

SAE J3016 is used as reference for this standard, in which driving automation is divided into 0-5 levels, safety assistance functions such as AEB and non-driving automation functions are distinguished from each other at level 0, and requirements for the monitoring of driver takeover capabilities and risk mitigation strategies have been increased with clear minimum security requirements in order to reduce security risks in practical applications.

Driving automation technology is one of the internationally recognised areas of focus for future development. It can provide safer, more energy-efficient, more environmentally friendly, and more comfortable travel modes and comprehensive solutions. It is also an important part of the urban intelligent transportation system and the core element of a green car society, which can not only upgrade automobile products and technologies, but also restructure the entire automobile and related industries and value chain system. China, the United States, Europe, and Japan have taken driving automation technology as a key development direction in the transportation field and made strategic arrangements at the national level.

In China, SAC/TC114 has studied the Taxonomy of Driving Automation for Vehicles as the first batch of standards in the intelligent connected vehicle standard system as early as January 2017. In December 2017, MIIT issued the Guide to the Construction of the National Internet of Vehicles Industry Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) and proposed an overall plan for the construction of an intelligent connected vehicle standard system in China. In the plan, the intelligent connected vehicle standard system includes a total of 99 standard formulation plans. Among them, the taxonomy of driving automation for vehicles is one of the 11 basic standards of the intelligent connected vehicle standard system, which plays a foundational support role for the entire standard system and can provide support for the subsequent promulgation of laws, regulations and standards related to autonomous driving.

The Taxonomy of Driving Automation for Vehicles was developed by SAC/TC114/Advanced Driving Assistance System (ADAS) Standard Working Group and is expected to come into force on January 1, 2021.

China publishes new rules on testing and certification of commercial cryptography

By Luna ZHAO on 16 March 2020

To support the building of the commercial cryptography testing and certification system, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) and the State Cryptography Administration (SCA) put forward the implementation opinions on the testing and certification of commercial cryptography in February of 2020. The Opinions are based on the Product Quality Law of China, Cryptography Law of China, and the Regulations of China on Certification and Accreditation.

According to the Opinions, a certification catalogue of commercial cryptography, which includes all of the cryptography products that need to get certification before sold, will be jointly issued by SAMR and SCA.

Rules for the certification of commercial cryptography will be released by SAMR.

The Technical Committee for Commercial Cryptography Certification will be set up by SAMR and SCA, intending to coordinately solve technical problems in the process of certification and provide technical support and suggestions for SAMR and SAC.

Background:

The Cryptography Law was published by the State Council in 2019 and came into force on January 2020, it is the first law in China for cryptography administration. The Cryptography Law has only 44 provisions which are largely principles in nature, but it has a close connection with laws, regulations, and ministerial measures of other fields like cybersecurity.

The Cryptography Law for the first time has divided cryptography into three levels, being core cryptography, normal cryptography, and commercial cryptography. Among them, core cryptography and normal cryptography are used for protecting state secrets; citizens and companies are allowed to use commercial cryptography to protect information other than state secrets.

Regulators in cryptography:

  • The State Cryptography Administration (SCA) leads the cryptography work of China, and is in charge of developing major guidelines and policies on national cryptography work.
  • Local cryptography administrative authorities are responsible for administrating the cryptography work in their respective administrative areas.

What changes have taken place in the management of commercial cryptography products since the implementation of the Cryptography Law?

According to Articles 25 and 26 of the Cryptography Law, the management of commercial cryptography products will be changed from administrative approval to testing and certification. Varieties and models of commercial cryptography products are no longer needed to be approved by SCA. SAMR, together with SCA, will establish a unified national certification system for commercial cryptography, adopting measures to support and encourage the certification of commercial cryptography products. Any commercial cryptography product on the list of key network equipment and exclusive cybersecurity products may be sold or provided only when passing testing and certification by a qualified institution.

Will previously issued certificates for commercial cryptography product models remain valid after the implementation of the Cryptography Law of China?

As the SCA will no longer accept applications for varieties and models of commercial cryptography products and will stop issuing the “Commercial Cryptography Product Model Certificate”, the commercial cryptography product model certificates that have been issued will automatically expire on July 1, 2020. Entities with valid commercial cryptography product model certificates may at their will apply to convert their old certificates to commercial cryptography product certificates recommended by the state before June 30, 2020. The validity period of new certificates shall be the same as the old one. In addition, entities with certificates of the former version may apply to the local cryptography administrative authorities (at district, city or provincial level) for the certificate conversion.

What are the requirements for the management of the import and export of commercial cryptography after the implementation of the Cryptography Law of China?

According to Article 28 of the Cryptography Law, the import and export of commercial cryptography will be governed and subjected as dual-use items by the Ministry of Commerce and SAC to import licensing and export control. The Ministry of Commerce, SAC and the General Administration of Customs are drawing up lists of import license and export control for commercial cryptography. Before the lists are published and carried out, the import and export of commercial cryptography will be temporarily subject to import and export license administration in accordance with provisions and procedures for licensing which are currently effective. Also, the current working methods shall remain intact. Details can be found in the Announcement No. 38 of the State Cryptography Administration, the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs.

The Cryptography Law with the Cybersecurity Law.

As mentioned above, the Cryptography Law removed the licensing requirements for entering into the commercial cryptography business and set a quality certification system for commercial cryptography. The Cryptography Law also aims to harmonize the administration of cryptography with the security assessment and certification requirements under the Cybersecurity Law, which include the following system:

  • With Cybersecurity Review of Network Products and Services. The commercial cryptography products concerning national security, national economy, or public interest will be included in the Critical Network Equipment and the Special Equipment Network Security Catalogue under the Cybersecurity Review of Network Products and Services, and are not allowed to be sold unless and until they are certified by qualified certification institutions.
  • With Certification and Evaluation for Key Network Devices and Specific Cybersecurity Products. Provision of commercial cryptography services by using key network devices and specific cybersecurity products must be certified by qualified certification institutions.
  • With the Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) Cybersecurity Protection System. The procurement of commercial cryptography products and services by the operators of Critical Information Infrastructure must undergo a security assessment organized by the Cyberspace Administration and SEA, as far as national security is concerned.
  • With Multi-Level Protection Scheme (MLPS). If commercial cryptography is required for protecting Critical Information Infrastructure, the operator must adopt cryptography solutions and must assess the security of such cryptography solutions, either alone or jointly with qualified certification institutions. The security assessment must be harmonized with the security assessment for CII and be under MLPS.

 

The Regulation on the Implementation of the Foreign Investment Law of China

28/02/2020

The Regulation on the Implementation of the Foreign Investment Law of the People’s Republic of China that was published by the State Council in December 2019 came into force in January 2020.

Background:

The regulation is a supporting document to the Foreign Investment Law of China which was published in March 2019. The Foreign Investment Law came into force on January 1, 2020, upon which the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Chinese-foreign Equity Joint Ventures , the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprises , and the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Chinese-Foreign Cooperative Joint Ventures were repealed.

Article 15 of the Law states that China will guarantee FIEs equal participation in standard development work, and at the same time, reinforces information disclosure and public scrutiny in the development of standards. The compulsory standards (GB standards) developed by the State shall equally apply to FIEs.

 

Article of the Regulation on FIE’s equal participation in China’s standardization.

Two articles of the Regulation explain FIEs’ equal participation rights in China’s standardization work.

  1. Article 13 of the Regulation states that FIEs shall equally participate in the development and revision of standards including national standards, sector standards, local standards and association standards. Besides, if enterprise standards are needed FIEs have the right to develop their enterprise standards.
  2. During the formulation of the standards drafting plans and the standards development, the technical review of standards, the calling for comments of the implementation of standards, and the standards assessment, FIEs may offer recommendations to the administrative standardization department (SAC) and relevant administrative departments (MIIT and MOST). Article 13 also states that FIEs may undertake work on the development of standards and technical review as well as the foreign language translation of standards according to the relevant provisions.
  3. Article 13 sets the responsibilities for the administrative standardization department and relevant administrative departments. Those responsibilities include establishing and improving the relevant standardization working mechanism, making the development and revision of standards more transparent and promoting the whole process of information disclosure for the development and revision of standards.
  4. Article 14 of the Regulation makes it clear again that the compulsory standards developed by the State shall apply equally to FIEs, and that technical requirements which are higher than compulsory standards shall not apply to FIEs either.

Articles of the Regulation on the protection of FIEs’ intellectual property right.

According to Article 23, where any patent of an FIE is involved in the development of standards, the administrative provisions of standards involving the patent shall apply.

 

Articles of the Regulation on the legal liability of the government, the relevant department or any of its staff members.

Article 41 of the Regulation includes information on legal liability for illegally restricting the equal participation of FIEs in developing and revising standards and for applying technical requirements which are higher than compulsory standards to any FIE.

How Chinese SDOs spend the funds for the development and revision of standards?

25/02/2020

 

The Ministry of the People’s Republic of China and the State Administration for Market Regulation have revised Measures for the Management of Funds for the Development and Revision of National Standards.

  1. What are standard funds?

Standard funds are funds for the development and revision of national standards, that serve as compensation for developing and revising work of national standards, and are set by the Ministry of Finance. Standard funds are included in the departmental budgets of the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR), and implemented by it.

  1. Purpose of the Regulation.

This Regulation is for the purpose of standardizing and strengthening the management of funds for the development and revision of national standards, ensuring effective use of funds and completing the development and revision of national standards.

  1. Administrative departments in charge of standard funds management.
    1. The Ministry of Finance is responsible for the review of the annual budget draft of standard funds, the approval of budgets, and the supervision of the implementation of standard funds.
    2. SAMR is responsible to prepare, review and submit the annual budget draft of standard funds, to approve and issue the budgets, and to supervise and inspect work of the entity undertaking the project of developing and revising national standards and the implementation of budgets.
    3. The entity undertaking the project here refers to the unit or technical group responsible for the drafting of national standards and technical review work, including relevant administrative departments of the State Council, technical committees of standardization and expert groups. The entity undertaking the project is responsible for the development and revision of national standards and the implementation of supportive fund. It shall be supervised and inspected and reports shall be submitted on the implementation of projects and budgets as required.
  2. The use of standard funds involves:
    1. The examining, discussing and assessing of the project initiation and submission for approval of national standards.
    2. The procuring, translating and tracking of international standards and advanced foreign standards.
    3. The drafting, calling for comments, testing and technical reviewing of national standards.
    4. The developing and duplicating of national sample standards.
    5. The reviewing, releasing and announcing of national standards.
    6. The printing of mandatory national standards and the releasing of information.
    7. The promotion, publicity and translation of national standards.
    8. The re-reviewing of national standards.
    9. The management and evaluation of technical committees of standardization and the organizing and managing of standardization technical committees directly concerned with the development and revision of national standards.
    10. Other work directly concerning the development and revision of national standards.
  3. Expenditure items of standard funds include fees for materials, equipment, testing and verification, business travel, meetings, services, expert consultation, announcement, printing, publicity and promotion, etc.
  4. Material fees, including necessary fees for books, materials and copies when developing and revising national standards, and compulsory fees for purchasing texts or applications involving international standards, advanced foreign standards and catalogues.
  5. Equipment fees, which include procuring or renting testing equipment in the process of developing and revising national standards.
  6. Testing and verification fees. These include fees for compulsory testing, energy resources used for verification, and materials.
  7. Business travel fees, including expenses as required for intercity transport, accommodation, food, and intracity transport during the process of developing and revising national standards (involving technical review, technical coordinations, review and re-review).
  8. Meeting fees. These include expenses as required for conference accommodation, venue rental, transportation and printing that are necessary for holding meetings to discuss, study and coordinate in the process of developing and revising national standards.
  9. Service fees, which include the required payment to those providing services of rafting, collecting and sorting, reviewing and translating of national standards. Those participating in the project of standard funds and its management shall not charge service fees.
  10. Expert consultation fees, including expenses for temporarily hiring experts in consultation for the reviewing process of national standard drafts. Those participating in the project of standard funds and its management shall not charge expert consultation fees.
  11. Fees for announcement and printing. These include costs of issuing announcements and printing after the review and approval of national standards.
  12. Fees for publicity and promotion, including expenses occurred in the implementation of national standards with a wide involvement and great impacts.
  13. Other fees, including other expenditures directly concerning the drafting and revising of national standards besides the kinds mentioned above.

 

 

 

 

 

 

China Blockchain Policies and Standardization

20/02/2020

 

China’s blockchain has risen to the height of national strategy. Blockchain technology has been listed as a strategic frontier technology in the “Thirteenth Five-Year” national informatization plan. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and other departments have also issued a series of policy documents to encourage the application and innovation of blockchain. China is now actively promote the integration of blockchain with information technology such as big data, artificial intelligence and cloud computing, and encourage the innovative application of blockchain technology in financial technology and other fields.

 

Chinese policies and regulations on Blockchain

Date Published  Issuing Authority Documents
Top level strategies

 

2016.10 MIIT Whitepaper on China Blockchain Technology and Application Development

 

2016.12 The State Council “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” National Informatization Plan
2018.09 NDRC

MIIT

MOE

Guiding Opinions on Developing the Digital Economy to Stabilize and Increase Employment

 

Regulations and department rules 2019.01 Cyberspace Administration of China

 

Provisions on the Administration of Blockchain Information Services

 

2016.12 MIIT Software and Information Technology Service Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)
2017.01 MIIT Big Data Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)
2017.11 The State Council Guiding Opinions of the State Council on Deepening the “Internet plus Advanced Manufacturing” and Developing the Industrial Internet

 

Blockchain standardization of China

Blockchain SDOs of China

  1. National Blockchain and Distributed Bookkeeping Technology Standardization Technical Committee is now under establishment.
  • Mirrors ISO/TC 307 and fulfills the responsibilities of China’s domestic counterparts
  • Effectively gathers the standardized resources of China blockchain, and coordinates and promotes the standardization of blockchain
  • Accelerates the establishment of China’s blockchain standard system
  1. SAC TC28 National Information Technology Standardization Technical Committee
  • The secretariat is held by CESI
  • In charge of developing the blockchain national standards:
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Reference Architecture
    • Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Data Format Specification
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Application guidelines for proof of existence
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Smart contract implementing specifications

     3. SAC TC260 National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee

  • The secretariat of TC260 is held by CESI
  • In charge of the blockchain security standardization work, and developing national standards on blockchain security

    4. CCSA

  • The blockchain standardization work for the communication industry is undertaken by the Blockchain Sub-WG of CCSA/TC 10 IoT – WG1
  • Sector standards of CCSA
    • Blockchain Platform Security Technology Requirements (under development)
    • Blockchain Digital Storage and Interactive Protection Technical Specifications (under development)


    5. CESI

 

  • CESI was founded in 1963, it is a professional institute under MIIT. CESI oversees standardization work in the field of electronics and the IT industry
  • CESI holds the secretariat of SAC/TC260 and SAC/TC 28
  • Key member of the China Blockchain Technology and Industry Development Forum (hereinafter the “CBD Forum”)
  1. The CBD Forum
  • Under the guidance of MIIT, the CBD Forum was established in Beijing on October 18, 2016. Members include CESI, Wanxiang Blockchain, Weizhong Bank, PingAn Bank and other key Chinese enterprises engaged in blockchain business
  • Blockchain Association Standards of the CBD Forum
No. Standard Status
1 Blockchain – Reference Architecture Published
2 Blockchain – Data format specifications Published
3 Blockchain – Smart contract implementing specifications Published
4 Blockchain – Application guidelines for proof of existence Published
5 Blockchain – Privacy protection specifications Published
6 Blockchain – Cross-Blockchain implementation guidelines Published
7 Blockchain – Privacy-preserving computing service guidelines Published
8 Blockchain – Logistics tracking service application guidelines Published
9 Blockchain – Genetic data application guidelines Published
10 Blockchain – Evaluation system Published

CCSA Publishes the “White Paper for Cloud Virtual Reality Platform Technology Based on the 5G Network”

19/02/2020

On January 9, 2020, China Communications Standards Association (CCSA), at its 17th meeting, released the “White Paper for Cloud Virtual Reality Platform Technology Based on the 5G Network” (hereinafter referred to as the White Paper for 5G Cloud VR).

 

The White Paper for 5G Cloud VR discusses the details to realize cloud VR platforms on the 5G network and serves as a technical reference for realizing the functions and security capabilities of cloud VR platforms as well as the typical cloud VR services. It also offers three suggestions for the future development of cloud VR platform technology: First, build the industry chain of VR “Terminal Management Cloud”, deepening integration of 5G and cloud VR to implement applications and complete a commercial closed loop. The second is to accelerate and improve the development and promotion of cloud VR standards, ensuring interconnection, compatibility and security between VR platforms and equipment. The third is to establish an evaluation and testing system for end-to-end user experience of cloud VR services, standardizing and guaranteeing a good cloud VR experience.

 

Cloud VR is indispensable to improve VR user experience and scale up the VR industry. With powerful computing capability in the cloud, cloud VR can put VR content, content rendering, and even content production on the cloud, and then deliver the immersive VR experience to end-users via high-quality networks. By sharing cloud computing and storage resources, cloud VR can help reduce the cost of terminal hardware for users to experience VR services, and also cut down the cost of upgrading customer equipment and updating applications. Moreover, cloud platforms’ copyright management can ensure the security of VR content and the enthusiasm of content developers.

 

 

Standardization of VR/AR is a key working area planned by the 13th Five-Year Plan of China’s ICT industry. Therefore, CCSA/TC11 established the VR/AR Working Group in 2017 and is organizing the industry to develop standards for cloud VR, cloud AR, VR/AR user experience evaluation, VR/AR terminal equipment and other technologies.

SAC/TC114 Completes the First Test and Verification for “GB/T Technical Requirements for LTE-V2X Direct Communication-based On-board Telematics Systems

17/02/2020

From January 6 to 10, 2020, the Technical Sub-committee of Intelligent Connected Vehicles (ICV) under the National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization (SAC/TC114) carried out the verification tests for the recommended national standard “GB/T Technical Requirements for LTE-V2X Direct Communication-based On-board Telematic Systems” (hereinafter, the “LTE-V2X Telematic Standard”)in Tianjin.

 

The LTE-V2X Telematic Standard will be the first interconnectivity standard in the ICV area. It specifies the system requirements for onboard direct communication telematic systems, including the requirements for the access layer, the network layer, the application layer and the corresponding testing methods.

 

During the first phase of the test and verification work for the standard, the requirements on components were tested and verified, especially the component-class protocol conformance and components related to communication security, system radio-frequency performance, system positioning, message sending, etc. Based on the results of this test, the secretariat of the sub-committee and the project group decided to carry out the next test and verification from February 10 to 14, 2020, for requirements on vehicle-class performance.

 

In the “Guide on Developing the National Internet of Vehicles (IoV) Standards System” jointly issued by MIIT and SAC in 2018, LTE-V2X is adopted as a key technology for wide area, medium and short-range IoV, and the ICV standards system is put forward as one of five sub-systems of the national IoV standards system. In another policy document: “Action Plan for Developing the Internet of Vehicles (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) Industry”, which was released by MIIT in late 2018, it is required to cover LTE-V2X on major roads and expressways in some cities, to carry out 5G-V2X application for demonstration purposes, and to enhance the rate of user penetration of IoV to more than 30% by 2020.

 

To support the implementation of these government policies and promote the development of the IoV (ICV) industry, standardization organizations that used to be in different sectors are included in the construction of the national IoV standards system, such as SAC/TC114 on automotive, SAC/TC485 on communication, SAC/TC260 on cybersecurity, SAC/TC268 on intelligent transportation, etc. As the main automotive standardization force, SAC/TC114 established the ICV Sub-committee, specializing in developing standards for the ICV standards system. At present, the sub-committee has set up a number of working groups for different aspects of ICV standardization, such as ADAS, information security, automatic driving, ICV function and applications, electromagnetic compatibility, etc.

 

The LTE-V2X Telematic Standard was developed by the ICV Function and Application Working Group, whose standard and research projects also include: “Road Vehicles – Methodology of Connected Vehicles”, “Research on Standardization Requirements for the Information Interaction Function Between Intelligent Connected Vehicles and Mobile Terminals”, and “Research on Classification and Standardization Requirements of ICV Message Sets”.

 

SAC Releases Two Mandatory National Standards for Information Products Safety

14/02/2020

On December 31, 2019, SAMR and SAC issued two mandatory national standards for the safety of information technology equipment: GB 4943.21-2019 Information Technology Equipment-Safety-Part 21: Remote Power Feeding (IEC 60950-21:2002, MOD) and GB 4943.22-2019 Information Technology Equipment-Safety-Part 22: Equipment to be Installed Outdoors (IEC 60950-22:2005, MOD). These two standards will come into force on July 1, 2020.

 

GB 4943.21-2019 is applicable to information technology equipment intended to supply and receive operating power via a telecommunication network where the voltage exceeds the limits for TNV circuits. GB 4943.22-2019 is applicable to information technology equipment intended to be installed in an outdoor location, and to empty enclosures intended for holding information technology equipment to be installed in an outdoor location.

 

The main difference between GB 4943.21-2019 and IEC 60950-21:2002 is that the former uses GB 4943.1-2011 Information Technology Equipment-Safety-Part 1: General Requirements (IEC 60950-1:2005, MOD) as normative reference, instead of IEC 60950-1:2001 which is used as a reference for IEC 60950-21:2002. The major difference between GB 4943.22-2019 and IEC 60950-22: 2005 is that the former uses two national standards GB/T1690-2010 (ISO 1817:2005, MOD) and GB/T4943.1-2011 as normative references and replaces ISO 1817: 2005 and IEC 60950-1: 2005. In addition, GB 4943.22-2019 adds the temperature of -50℃ for testing in cold regions of China.

 

The two standards are part of the GB 4943 standards series which also includes GB 4943.1 and GB4943.23 Information Technology Equipment Safety-Part 23: Large Data Storage Equipment (IEC 60950-23: 2005, IDT). The standards series is adopted by the China Compulsory Certification (CCC) for information technology products, which currently covers eight kinds of products, i.e. microcomputers, portable computers, display devices connected with computers, printing devices connected with computers, multifunction printers and copiers, scanners, built-in power supplies and power adapters and chargers for computers,and servers. Therefore, the two standards play an important role for information technology products accessing the Chinese market.

 

At present, the assessment method of self-declaration, which was newly introduced to the CCC system after the CCC reform, does not apply to information technology products.

China Published New Sector Standards on Railways

13/02/2020

 

Sector Standards still playing an important role in China currently.

Six new sector standards on railways were published on December 11, 2019. The new railway sector standards are based on the old versions of those standards, the old version standards can still be used until July 1, 2020. New sector standards are listed below:

  • TB/T 2056.1-2019 Railway Vehicle Part 1: The Electro-pneumatic Brake
  • TB/T 2056.3-2019 Railway Vehicle Brake. Part 3: Air Brake
  • TB/T 2841-2019 Railway Vehicle Air Suspension
  • TB/T 456.1-2019 Automatic Coupler and Draft Gear of Locomotives for Rolling Stocks. Part 1: Requirements of Assembly
  • TB/T 456.2-2019 Automatic Coupler and Draft Gear of Locomotives for Rolling Stock Part 2: Automatic Coupler and Accessories
  • TB/T 3550.1-2019 Design and Testing Identification Specifications of Rolling Stock Hardness. Part 1: Passenger Train Body

The new standards were published by the National Railway Administration of China, which is responsible for the development and management of sector standards on railways.

According to Article 12 of the Standardization Law of China:

Sector standards may be developed for technical requirements that lack voluntary national standards and need to be unified within a certain industry across the country.

Sector standards shall be developed by the relevant administrative departments of the State Council and filed with the administrative department of standardization of the State Council.

Different government departments are expected to continually draft sector standards based on their responsibilities. All of those sector standards will be reported to SAC for recording. Currently, sector standards are still playing an important role in China, 70 industries in China still rely on sector standards. According to the 2020 China Standardization Report made by Mr. TIAN Shihong, in 2019, 3 new sector standards Codes had been approved including fire rescue, emergency management and national material reserve, 4880 new sector standards have been reported to SAC for recording, and 2665 sector standards have been annulled.

 

For the list of the Chinese sector standards and their abbreviations, please see the list below:

Abbreviation (In Chinese) Category
AQ Production safety
BB Packaging
CB Ship
CH Topography
CJ Urban Construction
CY Press and Publication
DA Archive
DB Earthquake
DL Electric Power
DZ Geological Minerals
EJ Nuclear industry
FZ Textiles
GA Public safety
GH Supply and Marketing Cooperatives
GM National Secrets
GY Radio, Film and Television
HB Aviation
HG Chemical
HJ Environmental protection
HS Customs
HY Ocean
JB Machinery
JC Building materials
JG Constructional engineering
JR Finance
JT Traffic
JY Education
LB Tourism
LD Labor and working safety
LS Grain
LY Forestry
MH Civil aviation
MT Coal
MZ Civil administration
NB Energy
NY Agriculture
QB Light industry
QC Vehicle
QJ Spaceflight
QX Meteorology
RB Certification and accreditation
SB Domestic trade
SC Aquatic industry
SF Administration of justice
SH Petrochemical
SJ Electronic products
SL Hydro-protect
SN Entry and exit inspection and quarantine
SW Taxation
SY Petroleum
TB Railway transportation
TD Land administration
TY Sports
WB Material management
WH Culture
WJ Military and civilian products
WM Foreign trade
WS Hygiene
WW Preservation of cultural relics
XB Rare earth
YB Ferrous metallurgy
YC Tobacco
YD Communication
YS Non-ferrous metal
YY Medicine
YZ Postal industry
ZY Traditional Chinese Medicine

 

SAC is collecting FIEs’ participation cases of China’s standardization

12/02/2020

On 8th Jan 2020, SAC published a notice asking the relevant government departments, industry associations, and technical committees to recommend foreign investment enterprises’ participation cases of China’s standards development work. SAC claimed that,

  1. Reasons for collecting the FIEs’ participation cases of China’s standards development work:
  • To implement the relevant requirements of the “Foreign Investment Law of the People’s Republic of China” and “Regulations for the Implementation of the Foreign Investment Law of the People’s Republic of China”;
  • To promote the effective implementation of the “Guiding Opinions on Foreign Investment Enterprises’ Participation in China’s Standardization Work”;
  • To promote the participation of FIEs in China’s standardization work, and further improve the openness and transparency of China’s standardization work;
  • To improve the level of internationalization of China’s standards.

2. The information being collected by SAC includes:

  • Cases of foreign investment enterprises participating in the work of the national standardization technical committee;
  • Cases of foreign invested enterprises participating in the development or revision of national standards;
  • Cases of foreign invested enterprises promoting the usage of national standards, international standardization cooperation, and the internationalization of national standards.

SESEC Analysis

In recent years, foreign-invested enterprises in China have made many complaints about the openness of some Chinese technical committees. SAC tried to collect FIEs’ participation cases of China’s standards development work to check and respond to such complaints. At the same time, it is also a research and an investigation on the openness of the Chinese TCs. It seemed that SAC would like to collect good cases on FIEs’ participation. However, as there are totally 2000 TC/SC under SAC, different TC/SC may have different policies and practices. Even if some FIEs successfully joined some TCs in China, it is hard to reflect the true and comprehensive situation of FIE’ participation and if there is equal treatment.

SESEC is doing research on the opening of related Chinese TCs, and we are suggesting SAC to implement unified technical committee regulations in more than 2000 national TCs and SCs to increase the transparency of the standardization work. We are also trying to conduct a statistical analysis of the composition of all TC members, and understand the proportion of FIE members, state-owned company members and other members in each TC. We hope that it can promote China’s early realization of industry to be the main body of standard developing, rather than government or administrative forces to develop standards.