SAC Releases New Notifications on 15 Mandatory National Standards

31/07/2020

On 23 July 2020, the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC) released its No. 18 Notification on the release of 13 mandatory national standards, and on the amendment of 2 mandatory national standards. Specifically:

No.

Standard Code Standard Name Code of Replaced Standard Implementation Date

1

GB 4544-2020 Beer Bottles GB 4544-1996

2021-08-01

2

GB 4544-2020 Protective clothing — Flame retardant protective clothing GB 8965.1-2009

2021-08-01

3

GB 9706.205-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 2-5: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of ultrasonic physiotherapy equipment GB 9706.7-2008

2021-08-01

4

GB 9706.206-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 2-6: Particular requirments for the basic safety and essential performence of microwave therapy equipment GB 9706.6-2007

2021-08-01

5

GB 14232.1-2020 Plastics collapsible containers for human blood and blood components—Part 1: Conventional containers GB 14232.1-2004 2021-08-01
6 GB 15892-2020 Polyaluminium chloride for treatment of drinking water GB 15892-2009

2021-08-01

7

GB 20653-2020 Protective clothing—High visibility warning clothing for professional use GB 20653-2006 2021-08-01
8 GB 21027-2020 Request in common use of security for student’s articles GB 21027-2007

2021-08-01

9

GB 21148-2020 Foot protection — Safety footwear GB 12011-2009,GB 21146-2007,GB 21147-2007,GB 21148-2007 2021-08-01

10

GB 24850-2020 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for flat panel televisions and set-top boxes GB 24850-2013,GB 25957-2010

2021-08-01

11 GB 28234-2020 Hygienic requirements for acidic electrolyzed water generator GB 28234-2011

2021-08-01

12

GB 39176-2020 Rare earth products packing, marking, transport and storage 2021-08-01
13 GB 39177-2020 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for electric pressure cookers

2021-08-01

14

GB 20300-2018 No. 1 amendment to Safety specifications for road transportation vehicle of explosive substance and chemical toxic substance GB 20300-2006

2020-07-23

15 GB 30509-2014 No. 1 amendment to Identification for passenger cars and their parts

2020-07-23

Hyperlinks will redirect to the Chinese introduction of the mandatory national standards.

SAC regularly publishes various notifications on its official website (http://std.samr.gov.cn/noc) to announce newly released standards. Since only the Chinese versions of the notifications are available, SESEC is actively working to sort out, analyse and translate notifications concerning national standards. Further updates from SESEC will follow once the translation process is completed.

By Haley WU on 31 July, 2020

Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics Clarify Punitive Measures for Violators: Lifelong Access Prohibition for Serious Violators

29/07/2020

On 16 June 2020, Premier Li Keqiang signed the Decree No. 727 of the State Council to release the Regulations on Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics.

The Regulations, which will take effect from 1 January 2021, clarify the scope of punitive measures to be adopted against violators. Fines shall be imposed on the legal representative, the main person in charge, the person directly responsible and/or other people from entities that:

  • Engage in the production of cosmetics without permission;
  • Produce, market or import special cosmetics without proper registration;
  • Use ingredients prohibited in the production of cosmetics;
  • Add substances, in the production of cosmetics, that may endanger human health.

In case of serious violations, a lifelong ban from producing and operating cosmetics will be enforced.

The new Regulations also provide a classification of cosmetics and new cosmetic ingredients based on their degree of safety risk, namely:

  • Special cosmetics, or ordinary cosmetics;
  • New ingredients with high risks, or other new ingredients.

Registration and filing will respectively be implemented, and a more science-based supervision and management approach will be implemented.

Other key relevant issues of the Regulations are explained as follows:

Q1: How can the quality and safety of cosmetics be guaranteed?

A1: The person applying for the registration and filing will bear the primary responsibility.

Although cosmetics are not usually regarded as products with potentially high safety risks, safety considerations cannot be ignored given the fact that cosmetics are applied directly on the skin. In order to strengthen the quality and safety control of cosmetics, the Regulations focus on improving the following systems:

  • The person applying for the registration and filing will be responsible for the safety and the claimed efficacy of cosmetics;
  • Safety assessments. The person applying for the registration and filing must conduct safety assessments of cosmetics and new ingredients;
  • Strengthening the management of the production and operation of cosmetics. Enterprises must organise the production of cosmetics according to relevant quality management regulations, with clear requirements specified for: ingredients and packaging materials used; raw materials and factory inspection; product release, storage and transportation; and other relevant processes. They will also need to standardise the labels and advertising of cosmetics.
  • Strengthening quality and safety control of cosmetics after their introduction on the market. The person applying for the registration and filing must carry out adverse reaction monitoring, timely evaluation and reporting; they must also recall, in a timely manner, all cosmetics that may present health safety risks, and implement safety reassessment systems for all cosmetics and ingredients.

 

Q2: Was the legal liability stipulated by previous regulations considered too light?

A2: It is not light anymore thanks to the increased intensity of punitive measures introduced by the new Regulations, which also hold specific individuals legally liable.

In the previous Regulations Concerning the Hygiene Supervision over Cosmetics, enacted in 1989, the legal liability was relatively light. In order to protect public health and create a favorable market environment for law-abiding actors, the new Regulations increase the intensity of punishment and severely crack down on illegal activities, specifically by:

  • Specifying the circumstances in which administrative punishment shall be imposed, and introducing strict legal liability based on the nature, circumstances and degree of harm of the violation;
  • Intensifying the degree of punishment through measures such as confiscation, fines, orders to suspend production and/or business operations, revocation of licenses, ban from accessing the market or the industry; and increasing the amount of fines;
  • Adding a new provision to extend legal liability to individuals involved in the act of violation. Fines shall be imposed on the legal representative, the main person in charge, the person directly responsible and/or other individuals involved. A temporary or lifelong ban from engaging in production and management of cosmetics will also be imposed.

 

Q3: How to address exaggerated claims on the efficacy of cosmetics?

A3: Through enterprise self-discipline and social supervision, and through government ongoing and ex post supervision

The problem of exaggerated or false claims on the efficacy of cosmetics remains quite prominent; it not only misleads consumers, but also disrupt the market order. To address this problem, the Regulations introduce a management model for the advertising of cosmetics and their efficiency, based on enterprise self-discipline and social supervision, which at the same time will be matched by ongoing and ex post government supervision. Specifically:

  • The person applying for the registration and filing of cosmetics will be held liable for the claimed efficacy;
  • The efficacy of cosmetics must be claimed based on solid scientific basis, and must be subject to social supervision;
  • The labels of cosmetics must not incorporate explicit or implied medical functions, or false or misleading content.

The original Chinese version of this news is available on the official website of SAMR: Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics clarify punitive measures for violators: lifelong access prohibition for serious violators.

The full text, in Chinese, of the Regulations is available at this link: Regulations on the Supervision and Administration of Cosmetics.

By Haley WU on 29 July, 2020

Data Updates of China’s Standards

28/07/2020

SESEC closely monitors the process of standardisation reform in China. SESEC periodically collects and summarise new updates and data on six types of Chinese standards, namely: mandatory national standards; recommended national standards; sector standards; local standards; association standards; and enterprise standards. The following updates took place from March 2020 to June 2020:

Key Legal and Policy Updates

  • The Guiding Opinions on Further Strengthening the Administration of Sector Standards were released by MIIT on 27 April 2020.
  • The Administrative Measures for Mandatory National Standards started their implementation on 1 June 2020, after having been approved in December 2019 and released in January 2020 by SAMR/SAC.
  • The Measures for the Administration of Local Standards started their implementation on 1 March 2020, after having been approved in December 2019 and released in January 2020 by SAMR/SAC.

Statistics and Observations

  1. Government standards

The National Standards Information Public Service Platform (http://std.samr.gov.cn/), managed by SAMR, collects all national standards, both mandatory and recommended, as well as a part of sector standards. At the same time, MIIT is improving its Standards Information Platform(https://www.miitstd.cn/index.aspx), which collects all standards under the ministry.

According to the data included in the two platforms, at present there are:

  • 2,091 mandatory national standards in force, with 110 new ones starting to be implemented soon.
  • 35,580 voluntary national standards in force, with 1,184 new ones starting to be implemented soon.
  • 67,915 sector standards nation-wide, 39,476 of which currently in effect under MIIT.

Generally, the following trends can be identified for national standards:

  • The number of mandatory national standards will hold steady, no significant changes are foreseen;
  • National standards will be developed towards cross-sector and cross-industry technical requirements;
  • Sector standards keep playing a significant role in areas such as 5G and information and communication technologies;
  • National Technical Committees delegated to develop sector standards will become increasingly common;
  • The filing mechanism for sector standards has yet to be improved to ensure the principle of “everything is available”;
  • From 2020 onwards, all newly-released sector standard texts will be made available to the public.

In terms of local standards, the Local Standards Information Platform (http://dbba.sacinfo.org.cn/) shows that, to date, there are 44,875 local standards in force – an increase of 2.5% compared to March 2020. Local standards maintain their focus mainly on local management and livelihood requirements.

  1. Association standards

According to data collected from the National Association Standards Platform (http://www.ttbz.org.cn/), the number of associations and association standards in China has kept growing steadily.

Specifically, 3,403 social organisations and 15,808 association standards were registered on the Platform at the end of June 2020, marking an increase of 9% and 18% respectively compared to March 2020. 6,425 association standards registered (over 40% of the total) have their full texts made public, marking a 25% growth compared to the previous quarter. Nonetheless, certain key and influential associations are still not sufficiently committed to publicising relevant information on the Platform.

  1. Enterprise standards

As already verified in the previous quarter, statistics on enterprise standards are still no longer available on the National Enterprise Standards Information Platform (http://www.qybz.org.cn/). The reason may be related to the insufficient technical capacity of the platform to keep pace with such a large and rapidly growing amount of enterprise standards information.

On the other hand, the Top-Runners system continues to be promoted from central government to local governments. The latest developments include:

  • The State Grain and Reserves Administration released the Notice on Carrying out Top-runner Activity for the Enterprise Standards of Grain and Oil Products;
  • Yunnan province released the Implementation Plan for Enterprise Standards Top-runner System;
  • Jiangxi province determined eight key areas for the enterprise standards Top-runner evaluation in 2020.

Draft Data Security Law Released for Public Comment

27/07/2020

On 28 June 2020, the draft Data Security Law was submitted for its first reading at the 20th session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress. The draft was also published online for public comments on 3 July: comments can be submitted until 16 August 2020.

The Data Security Law aims to regulate data and to incorporate data security and utilisation into the national governance system; it thus marks the official establishment of data security legislation in China. Specifically, the draft is comprised of 51 articles grouped under seven sections, including: data security jurisdiction and regulatory framework; data security standardisation system; data protection classifications and grades; management of key data; data security risk alert and emergency response mechanism; national security review mechanism for data activities; and obligations to protect data activities. The draft signals that China will continue to put equal emphasis on safeguarding data security, and on promoting data development and utilisation; it aims to further boost the progress of the data industry through better data security systems and protection.

The following points of the draft Data Security Law relate to standardisation:

  1. Establishment of a data security standardisation system

In March 2020, SAC issued the Main Points of National Standardisation Work for China in 2020, outlining the overall requirements for the establishment of a new generation information technology standard system. Various data-related technical standardisation projects have recently been launched, covering areas such as face recognition technology and intelligent and connected vehicles. On this basis, the draft Data Security Law stipulates that China will advance the establishment a standard system that will cover data development and utilisation technologies, products and data security.

  1. Support the development of evaluation and certification services

 

The draft points out that China will further facilitate the development of data security testing, evaluation and certification services, and that it will support professional institutions to carry out such services in accordance with the law – i.e. based on the Detailed Rules for the Implementation of Safety Certification of Key Internet Equipment and Internet Security Products published by CNCA in July 2018; and the Detailed Rules for the Implementation of Safety Certification of Mobile Internet Applications published by SAMR and the Cyberspace Administration of China in March 2019.

In addition, the draft reveals a supportive attitude towards safe and free cross-border data flows. Nonetheless, it clearly stipulates that China will have the ultimate right to impose export control measures over data that falls into the category of “controlled items”, namely items relating to the fulfilment of international obligations and the safeguarding of national security. In this regard, China can take countermeasures against discriminatory measures taken by other countries pertaining to data activities. It is noteworthy that the draft targets special scenarios, without reference to regulation over cross-border data flows in general business scenarios. The draft also stipulates that China will conduct national security reviews on data activities that affect or have the potential to affect national security, although no specific jurisdictions and scope of scenarios are defined.

In conclusion, the draft Data Security Law is a basic law for data security in China. Its objective is to improve the data security standard system, to boost cross-border data exchange, and at the same time to support the establishment of a protection mechanism to safeguard national security and data sovereignty. Together with the Cybersecurity Law and the Personal Information Protection Law, it forms a key part of China’s legal framework for data regulation and governance.

 

MIIT Calls For Comments for the Guide For the Construction of the Network Data Security Standards System

30/04/2020

 

In April 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) published the Guide for the Construction of the Network Data Security Standards System (Draft for Comments).

1. Two-stage goal for the construction of the network data security standards system.

 2. The network data standards system.

The network data standards system proposed by MIIT includes four parts: Basic and Common Standards for Network Data Security, Standards for Key Technology of Network Data Security, Security Management Standards for Network Data, and the Network Data Security Standards for Key Industries.

2.1 Basic and Common Standards for Network Data Security

 

 

2.2 Standards for Key Technology of Network Data Security

 

 

2.3 Security Management Standards for Network Data

 

 

2.4 Network Data Security Standards for Key Industries

 

3.   The Status Quo of Chinese Network Data Security Standards and Reasons for MIIT to Draft the Construction Guide.

Attachment 2 of the Construction Guide sorts out more than 100 network data security standards that have been issued and formulated in recent years. As stated in the compilation instructions of the Construction Guide, at present, China’s network data security standardization has problems such as lacking a network data security standards system and key standards in some key areas. For example, the standards for data destruction have not yet been formulated. But, among the security management standards for data security specifications, 13 of the 15 national standards are specifically for the management of personal data. This not only shows the determination of the Chinese regulatory authorities to manage the compliance of personal data, it also reflects the lack of comprehensiveness of the national network data security standards system. To further develop the network data security standards system, MIIT established a working group to draft the Construction Guide. Members of the working group include China Information and Communication Research Institute, China Communications Standards Association, some Chinese telecommunications companies, internet companies, and security companies, etc.

For more details in Chinese, please see the attached document and the link below:

MIIT: Guide for the Construction of the Network Data Security Standards System (Draft for Comments)

工业和信息化部关于《网络数据安全标准体系建设指南》(征求意见稿)的通知

 

By Luna ZHAO on April 30,2020.

China issues New Rules for Green Product Certification Institutions and Green Products

29/04/2020

On March 26, the CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration) issued a notice on the qualifications for green product certification institutions and the first batch of the implementation rules for green products.

According to the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Developing a Unified Standard, Certification and Identification System of Green Products, Announcement of SAMR on the Release of the List of Green Product Evaluation Standards and Certification Catalogue (the First Batch) and the Notice of the General Office of SAMR, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and MIIT on the Issuance of the Implementation Plan for Green Building Material Certification, certification institutions that apply for certification of green products must be established in accordance with the law, meet the basic requirements stipulated in the Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on Certification and Accreditation and the Measures for the Administration of Certification Institutions, and have the technical capabilities to conduct the certification of green products.

The CNCA also released certification implementation rules for 12 kinds of products, namely wood-based panels and wooden flooring, coating, sanitary wares, building glass, solar water heating systems, furniture, thermal insulation, waterproof materials and sealants, ceramic tiles and boards, textile products, wood-plastic composites products, and paper and paper products. Certification institutions that meet the qualifications mentioned above may apply to the CNCA in accordance with the Catalogue of Green Product Certification (the First Batch) (List of Green Product Evaluation Standards and Certification Catalogue released by SAMR on April 12, 2018) to carry out certification work after approval. Specific green product certification work should be carried out according to the relevant certification implementation rules.

The Chinese version of the certification implementation rules is available on the official website of the CNCA: Certification Implementation Rules for Green Products (the First Batch).

 

By Haley WU on April 29,2020.

SAC/TC28 Establishes SC42 on Artificial Intelligence

27/04/2020

In April 2020, China National Information Technology Standardization Technical Committee (TC28) established a new technical sub-committee on artificial intelligence (SAC/TC28/SC42). The secretariat of the new TC28/SC42 is held by China Electronic Standardization Institute (CESI). The new SC42 will be the mirroring TC of the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC42.

SAC/TC28/SC42 is mainly responsible for the development and revision of China’s national standards in the field of artificial intelligence such as basic content, technology, risk management, trustworthiness, governance, products and applications.

Before the establishment of SAC/TC28/SC42, most of the standardization work in the artificial intelligence field was already taken by TC28 under the joint leadership of SAC and MIIT. For example, the standardization work of human-computer interaction is carried out by the Voice Interaction, Somatosensory Interaction, and Brain-Computer Interaction Working Groups which are set up under the User Interface Technical Sub-Committee of TC28; the biometrics standardization work is undertaken by the Biometrics Technical Sub-Committee of TC28. The other working groups of TC28 also support the artificial intelligence standardization work, like the Big Data WG, the Cloud Computing WG, and the Internet of Things WG, etc. After the establishment of TC28/SC42, there might be a new division of the standardization work for artificial intelligence between different technical sub-committees and working groups of TC28. We will update related information then.

Together with the establishment of TC28/SC42, CESI also published a list of four artificial intelligence standards which are under development by TC28/SC42, as listed below.

  • 20190851-T-569 Information Technology – Artificial Intelligence – Terminology
  • 20192137-T-469 Information Technology – Artificial Intelligence Knowledge – Graph Technology Framework
  • 20192138-T-469 Artificial Intelligence – Neural Network Representation and Model Compression – Part 1: Convolutional Neural Networks
  • 20192139-T-469 Information Technology – Artificial Intelligence – Platform Resource Provision

 

 

By Luna ZHAO on April 27,2020.

Main Points of National Standardisation Work for China in 2020

27/03/2020

In March 2020, SAC issued the Main Points of National Standardisation Work for China in 2020. From the top-design of the standardisation strategy to the detailed contents of standards development and management, the document introduced all the key tasks of the 2020 standardization work for China.

In 2020, China will continue participating in the international standardisation work, actively fulfill its responsibilities as a permanent member of ISO and IEC, and provide service support for the IEC chairman to perform his duties. Besides, China will propose Chinese solutions in the improvement of governance capabilities of international standardisation organizations.

For the horizontal fields, China will participate in the discussions and decision-makings of international standardisation organisations in the fields of sustainable development, standardisation participation of developing countries, regional balance, and technical rulemaking.

In terms of promoting development and consultation of international standards, the key sectors of the 2020 international cooperation of China will focus on new energy, new materials, quantum computing, digital twins, intelligent manufacturing, industrial construction and engineering construction. China will accelerate the conversion of its advantageous technical standards into international standards, and at the same time promote the release of Chinese versions of ISO and IEC standards.

For more information about the Main Points of National Standardisation Work for China in 2020, please see the English version of the document which was translated by the SESEC project. This document is translated as a supporting material. No warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, is made as to its accuracy, correctness, or reliability. Only the original official version should prevail as a source of reference.

The outline of the Main Points is presented below.


 

 

 

 

China Published New English Versions of Railway Sector Standards

24/03/2020

On March 11, 2020, the National Railway Administration released six English versions of railway sector standards:

No. English Name of the Sector Standard Standard Code
1 EMC/DMC Vocabulary-Part 1: Basic Vocabulary TB/T 3453.1-2016
2 EMC/DMC Vocabulary-Part 2: Test TB/T 3453.2-2016
3 EMC/DMC Vocabulary-Part 3: Parts and System TB/T 3453.3-2016
4 Types and Basic Dimensions of Wheelset and Bearing for Railway Vehicle TB/T 1010-2016
5 Rails Part 3: Specification for Compromise Rails TB/T 2344.3-2018
6 33kg/m Channel for Guardrails TB/T 3110-2018
  • The 3 standards on EMC/DMC vocabulary are significant standards that stipulate the basic vocabulary of EMC/DMC, the vocabulary used in testing; and the terms, English expressions and definitions of the vocabulary used in each part and system, which all play an important role in unifying the words used in EMC/DMC design, manufacturing, application and maintenance.
  • Types and Basic Dimensions of Wheelset and Bearing for Railway Vehicle integrates the design parameters and manufacturing technical requirements of domestic and imported products of railway passenger cars and freight cars.
  • Rails Part 3: Specification for Compromise Rails not only meets the actual needs of the development of high-speed and heavy-haul railways in China, but it is also in line with the international advanced railway standards.
  • 33kg/m Channel for Guardrails provides technical support for the design, manufacturing, product inspection and quality supervision of the steel channel.

The six English versions of the railway standards have been officially published by China Railway Publishing House, which plays an important role in the translation work of the China railway technical standards system. The release of the six standards is of great significance for promoting the internationalization of China railway standards, the construction of the “Belt and Road Initiative” service and the “going global” of China railway.

China Strengthens Standardization in Additive Manufacturing

23/03/2020

On March 3, 2020, SAC, MIIT, along with the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Education, the National Medical Products Administration, and the Chinese Academy of Engineering jointly published the “Action Plan for Standards Leading the Development of the Additive Manufacturing Industry”. The document aims to implement the policy of the central government concerning quality enhancement and standards leading the development of emerging industries.

The document proposes that by 2022, China should develop 80-100 additive manufacturing standards involving proprietary materials, manufacturing techniques,  equipment, software, test methods, and service; promote 2-3 Chinese additive manufacturing technologies or standards to become international standards, and raise the conversion rate of additive manufacturing international standards up to 90%.

To help reach these targets, the document states the following tasks:

  • Construct and improve China’s additive manufacturing standards system.
  • Develop standards for not only those mentioned above in the targets, but also the application in specific industries such as aerospace, biomedical, and nuclear industries.
  • Strengthen international standardization cooperation by tracking the development of international standards, establishing corresponding working groups with reference to international working groups, synchronizing the development of domestic standard projects and international standard projects, and parallelly developing English and Chinese versions of Chinese standards.
  • Improve the working mechanism for setting standards by facilitating the coordination of TCs/SCs/WGs in the whole industry chain and establish the working mechanism of jointly proposing, formulating and managing cross- industry standards.
  • Facilitate the implementation of additive manufacturing standards through the demonstration application and the “Top Runners” evaluation.

 

SAC/TC562 (Additive Manufacturing), with its secretariat in the China Productivity Centre for Machinery, is the major standardization organization responsible for developing additive manufacturing national standards. The organization was established in 2016 and has developed 7 national standards, 3 of which are converted (MOD) from ISO standards. There are also 18 additive manufacturing national standards being developed by this organization, 5 of which are based on ISO standards. Apart from SAC/TC562, SAC/TC243 (Nonferrous Metals) is another standardization organization in the standardization of additive manufacturing. This TC has developed 1 national standard and 1 sector standard and is formulating 7 other national standards. In terms of association standards, active standardization organizations include the Guangdong Addictive Manufacturing Association, China Biomedical Engineering Association, China Association of Machinery Manufacturing Technology, China Association for Medical Devices Industry, Zhongguancun Standardization Association, and Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society. They have developed 12 association standards for additive manufacturing equipment, process, materials, testing methods, and fundamental principles.

Internationally, ISO/TC261, CEN/TC438, and ASTM F42 are the main players in additive manufacturing standardization. ISO by now has published 14 standards and is formulating another 31, CEN/TC438 has published 12 and is formulating 29, and ASTM F42 has published 14 and is formulating 41. China’s additive manufacturing standardization is lagging behind their international peers. Moreover, the three international standardization organizations have reached an agreement on jointly developing a unified additive manufacturing standards system. China is hence eager to accelerate its standardization work and expand its influence globally in this emerging technical area, given its aspiration of being a manufacturing power.

Considering many of Chinese additive manufacturing standards are being formulated and the conversion rate of international standards is still low, European stakeholders should actively get involved in and affect the development of these standards.