The Publicity Video and English Version of GB/T 35273-2020 (Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification) Released

19/10/2020

The China Cybersecurity Week 2020 celebrated the theme of “Personal Information Protection” on 20 September 2020. That day, the Special Taskforce on the Collection and Use of Personal Information by Apps Violating Laws and Regulations – established under TC260 – hosted a thematic event in Beijing titled “Personal Information Protection for Apps”, during which the publicity video of the national standard GB/T 35273-2020 Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification was released for the first time. The purpose of the video is to facilitate the readers’ understanding of the content of the standard through visual and dynamic explanations. In addition, during the event the English version of GB/T 35273-2020 was also released, with the aim to facilitate access to the content of the standard by all relevant readers in China and abroad, as well as to accelerate the further promotion and implementation of the standard.

In the Internet era, while people enjoy the convenience and inclusiveness brought by big data, their personal information is inevitably being collected and used. Every transaction, browsing, communication, etc., could be recorded and analysed. Therefore, personal information has become an important resource pursued by many companies. While people expect their personal information to be collected and used lawfully, problems such as leakage, misuse, and excessive collection of personal information remain very frequent, hurting people’s interests. The question of how to regulate the collection and use of personal information has always been the key focus of global data governance.

In December 2017, GB/T 35273-2017 Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification was officially released. Proposed and organised by the National Information Security Standardisation Technical Committee (TC260), GB/T 35273-2017 is the first national standard indicating clear requirements for every step of personal information processing activities, including collection, use, storage and sharing. The standard was later amended to incorporate best practices and experience from relevant laws, regulations, standards and technical specifications around the world in the field of personal information protection, and at the same time to include additional requirements addressing security risks. The amended version was released in March 2020 and took effect on 1 October 2020. The standard has also frequently been recommended frequently by authorities, and it has now become the go-to guide for many companies seeking to develop a personal information protection compliance system.

The full text of the English version of GB/T 35273-2020 (Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification) is available at: https://www.tc260.org.cn/front/postDetail.html?id=20200918200432.

By Haley WU on 19 October

China Standardisation Development Annual Report (2019) released

29/09/2020

On 9 September 2020, the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC) released the China Standardisation Development Annual Report (2019). The report is a flagship publication that every year reviews and summarises the key takeaways from China’s standardisation work.

In particular, the report illustrates that, in 2019, China achieved the following key results:

  • Released 2,021 national standards;
  • Prepared and established 41 national professional standardisation technology organisations – including one dedicated to blockchain;
  • Filed 4,880 new industry standards and 7,238 local standards;
  • Added 6,227 association standards;
  • Added an additional 55,962 self-declared enterprise standards, bringing the total number of self-declared enterprise standards released to over 370,000.

In terms of deepening the standardisation reform, in 2019 China further integrated and streamlined mandatory standards. In particular, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Transport, and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, have proactively promoted the integration and revision of mandatory national standards to support the policy of “Three Inspections in One” for road vehicles. Recommended national standards were also further optimised, by adopting strict approval procedures which led to an increase of the project rejection rate of recommended national standards to 52%. Association standards also developed rapidly, with more than 12,000 association standards released by more than 3,000 social organisations, covering areas such as smart transportation, sharing economy, and elderly care services. Enterprise standards were also further invigorated through the deep implementation of the enterprise standards ‘top runner’ scheme, which in 2019 selected 315 enterprise standards from 245 companies. Finally, in 2019 China also actively promoted the comprehensive reform of local standardisation: Shanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other provinces refined 11 standards, including on regional coordination, which can be replicated and promoted on a wider scale; 8 regional coordination standards were also released for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, while Hainan, Zhengzhou and Yiwu explored and actively promoted city-centred standardisation innovation.

 

In terms of the construction of standards systems, in 2019 China achieved remarkable results especially in (i) agricultural and rural standardisation work, and (ii) food quality and safety:

  • For the agricultural and rural standards system, China introduced a new era of top-level design of standardisation; it issued and implemented 113 national standards for various fields, including agricultural input quality safety assurance, animal and plant disease prevention and control, and agricultural product quality classification; and focused on establishing a comprehensive, whole-chain, multi-layer and modern agricultural standards system.
  • For the food quality and safety standards system, China continued to promote the establishment of a national food quality and safety standards system; it comprehensively carried out the clearance and streamlining of national food quality standards, it promoted the upgrading of manufacturing standards, and promoted the establishment of new industrial standards systems.

In addition, in 2019 China vigorously promoted the standardisation of elderly care services and domestic service industry; formulated national standards for urban rail transit facilities and operations; promoted the establishment of a standards system for national ecological pilot sites; promoted the standardisation of pilots projects on community-level government; summarised successful experiences in standardisation that can be replicated and promoted on a wider scale, gained from sectors such as construction of ‘beautiful towns and villages’, rural property rights transfer, new urbanisation, urban-industrial integration, etc.

 

Furthermore, the Report also indicates that China in 2019 further enhanced the functions of the National Standards Full Text Disclosure System, disclosing 1,804 standards. An information service platform for industry standards and local standards was established; while the international standards information platform, the China-Europe and the China-Germany standardisation platforms achieved effective linkages with other international and foreign standards such as ISO, IEC, German, French, and Spanish standards. The National Public Service Platform for Standard Information provided more than 180 national and industry standards from Kazakhstan, Russia, Sweden and other countries. The National Standard Implementation Feedback Platform was put into operation, while the National Standard Formulation and Revision System was also introduced – featuring a mechanism for collecting and processing feedback on standards implementation. Linkages were also established to connect standardisation work with law enforcement, inspections, and quality management, so to contribute to standards formulation and information-sharing. Moreover, China further improved evaluation methods for the effectiveness of implementation of national standards, and successfully evaluated a set of key standards in the field of engineered wood and cosmetics – thus providing direct evidence for the revision of relevant standards. Finally, the number of legal persons and other organisations in the Unified Social Credit Code Database exceeded 100 million for the first time – reaching 101.92 million, an increase of 26.75% from 2018; the registration coverage was further expanded, covering more than 30 types of institutions. The national commodity database was also strengthened, with the total amount of data entries in the database exceeding 100 million and ranking first in the world.

 

For the Chinese version of the report, please visit

http://www.sac.gov.cn/sxxgk/zcwj/202008/P020200827470578698634.pdf

Video Conference of the Heads of BRICS National Standardisation Bodies

17/09/2020

On 19 August 2020, a meeting of the Heads of BRICS National Standardisation Bodies (NSBs) was held via videoconference. The meeting, which represents a supporting event for the 12th BRICS Summit, was chaired from the Chinese side by Cui Gang, Director-General of the Department of Standards Innovation Management of the State Administration of Market Regulation (SAMR); and by Ricardo Fragoso, Director-General of the Brazilian National Standards Organisation (ABNT); Alexei Abramov, Head of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Russian Federation (Rosstandart); D.K. Agrawal, Director-General of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS); and Jodi Scholtz, Lead Administrator of the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS).

During the meeting, Cui Gang shared the experience and achievements of China’s standards in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The participants agreed with Cui’s proposals to promote the mutual recognition of standards among BRICS countries, to jointly formulate international standards, to facilitate the signing of the BRICS NSBs Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Standardisation, and to strengthen the establishment of the BRICS Standardisation Information Sharing Platform.

In addition, during the meeting the representatives of the delegations also discussed and agreed on the Working Mechanism on Technical Regulations, Standards, Metrology and Conformity Assessment Procedures; and on BRICS cooperation in the field of lighting.

http://www.sac.gov.cn/xw/bzhxw/202008/t20200821_346843.htm

CNCA Notice on Further Facilitating CCC for Products Including Explosion-Proof Electrical Equipment

31/08/2020

On 4 August 2020, the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA) released a set of guiding opinions to facilitate the obtainment of China Compulsory Certification (CCC) for various products, including explosion-proof electrical equipment, gas burning appliances for domestic use, and household refrigerating appliances with a capacity of over 500 litres. The key highlights of the opinions include:

  1. Fully implement the Notice of the SAMR’s General Office on Carrying out Quality Certification Work amidst COVID-19 Prevention and Control, which allows CCC application materials to be reviewed during the pandemic, while on-site examination to be postponed or carried out after the pandemic. For more details about the document, visit: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2020-02/04/content_5474547.htm.
  2. While ensuring the validity of CCC, recognise the assessment results of international bilateral and multilateral certification systems that China has joined, recognise the examination and testing results of production licenses for industrial products, and adopt the information of other voluntary certification assessment systems, in order to avoid repeated evaluations and thus reduce the financial and time burdens for obtaining certificates.
  3. When encountering difficulties, due to the pandemic, in sending inspectors to overseas factories for inspection, certification institutions are encouraged to conduct such inspections through online platforms or through entrustment of overseas institutions.
  4. Help enterprises to acquire certificates by 1 October 2020 by all means possible, especially for entrusted certification still under application. Such support should include arranging technical personnel to conduct one-to-one communication with enterprises, increasing policy divulgation efforts, and actively providing technical services. The aim is to prevent delays in acquiring certificates and consequent impact on imports and sales, due to lack of knowledge on CCC policies and technical requirements.

In July 2019, CNCA published an announcement for relevant enterprises to complete the transition from production licenses to CCC by 1 October 2020. Since then, enterprises have often filed complaints on the transition period considered too short. As shown in these newly-released measures, CNCA has adopted various flexible measures, but has not changed the length of the transition period. As a result, relevant enterprises should actively use all the supporting measures offered by CNCA in order to obtain CCC for their products as soon as possible.

 

http://www.cnca.gov.cn/zw/tz/tz2020/202008/t20200806_60600.shtml

 

 

Draft Data Security Law of the People’s Republic of China Released for Public Comments

20/08/2020

On 2 July 2020, the full text of the draft Data Security Law of the People’s Republic of China was released online for public comments. The draft law features a total of 51 articles, divided in seven chapters: (i) general rules; (ii) data security and development; (iii) data security systems; (iv) obligations for data security protection; (v) government data security and openness; (vi) legal liability; and (vii) supplementary provisions.

The draft Data Security Law marks the elevation of data security to national security level. Together with the Cybersecurity Law (which entered into force in 2017) and with which complementarities will constantly be sought, the draft Data Security Law can be seen as integral part of China’s concept of national security and as a supporting regulation of the National Security Law, and as such it has significant implications.

It is also noteworthy that Art. 49 of the draft law stipulates that all data activities involving personal information must abide by the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations: this leaves room in the future for the introduction and convergence with the Personal Information Protection Law in China. According to various analyses, it is expected that the formal implementation of the Cybersecurity Law, the Data Security Law and the Personal Information Protection Law will significantly contribute to the development of China’s digital economy, from the dimensions of network, data and personal data.

Support to the promotion of data security and development:

The aim of the draft Data Security Law is to ensure the security of data throughout various data development and utilisation activities as well as overall industrial development. Chapter II of the draft law outlines various principles and support that China will give to such activities.

In particular, Art. 17 stipulates that China will establish and improve the management system for data transactions, giving legitimate legal status to data transactions and selling activities. Among these, it is expected that three key existing standards will become an important reference to promote data transactions: “Information Security Technology Data Trading Service Security Requirements” (GB/T 37932-2019); “Information Technology Data Trading Service Platform Common Function Requirements” (GB/T 37728-2019); and “Information Technology Data Trading Service Platform Transaction Data Description” (GB/T 36343-2018).

Data security systems:

Data security is at the very heart of the draft law. According to Art. 3, data security refers to the capability to ensure that data is effectively protected and used in accordance with the law, and that data remains in a safe state thanks to the adoption of necessary measures. These include, as outlined by Art. 4, the total adherence to the concept of national security, the establishment and improvement of governance systems, and capacity-building.

The specific responsibilities of data security management and supervision are outlined by Art. 6 and Art. 7. In particular, decision-making and coordination of data security work will be the responsibility of central national security leadership bodies, which will also supervise lower-level departments; the responsibilities of regions and departments will be limited to the data, aggregated data, processed data, and the security of data generated through their own activities and work – therefore covering the entire process from data generation to processing. The responsibilities of component authorities for the investigation and punishment of misconducts and violations are outlined in Chapter VI of the draft.

With respect to ex ante data protection, Art. 19 requires a classification and grade-based approach to data security. Unlike the Data Security Management Measures (Draft for Comments) issued in May 2019, the draft Data Security Law does not provide a clear definition of the scope of ‘important data’ protection, but leaves it to all relevant regions and departments based on specific catalogues formulated by them in accordance with national provisions. As ‘important data’ involves national security, the delegation of its protection to regions and departments has sparked heated debate, also in view of potential discrepancies and conflicts among important data protection catalogues of different regions and departments. How these concerns will be addressed remains to be clarified.

The draft Data Security Law also stipulates that China will establish centralised, unified and authoritative mechanisms for data security risk assessment, reporting, information sharing, monitoring and rapid alert; and that it will strengthen the acquisition, analysis, research and rapid alert of data security risk information. Moreover, a data security review system will be established to conduct national security reviews of data activities that affect or may affect national security, so to increase risk prevention.

With respect to ex post emergency response, Art. 21 stipulates that China will establish an ad hoc mechanism for the emergency handling of data security. In the event of a data security incident, the relevant competent department shall activate emergency response plans in accordance with the law, take corresponding emergency measures to eliminate safety hazards, prevent their further expansion, and timely inform the public if potentially affected.

In the context of cross-border data flows, the draft law stipulates that China will have the right to implement export control measures over data that falls into the category of “controlled items”, namely items relating to the fulfilment of international obligations and the safeguarding of national security. When an overseas law enforcement agency requests the collection of data stored in the territory of the People’s Republic of China, relevant departments and individuals may share it only after having obtained prior approval. In addition, the draft Law allows China to adopt countermeasures against discriminatory measures taken by other countries pertaining to data and data utilisation technologies in connection to trade and investment activities.

Finally, it is noteworthy that although the provisions stipulated by the draft apply to the collection, storage, processing, use, provision, trading and disclosure of data conducted within the territory of the People’s Republic of China, they also allow China to conduct investigations for legal liability on any organisation and individual outside the territory of the People’s Republic of China whose data activities harm China’s national security, public interests, or the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens and organisations . Though certainly presenting differences, this is in line with “long arm jurisdiction” provisions stipulated e.g. in the EU’s GDPR (“any act involving the processing of EU personal data, can be governed”); indeed, some observers argue that China’s scope of application of the draft Data Security Law is a response to similar EU and US practices.

The data security obligations of different subjects:

In addition to strong centralised supervision, the establishment of China’s data security governance system also needs to rely on self-management and inter-agency cooperation. Chapters IV, V VI of the draft outline the data security obligations and security measures for different subjects carrying out data activities, and stipulate corresponding legal liabilities.

However, the current draft of the Data Security Law still lacks specific provisions for practical implementation. Issues such as the division of ‘important data’ boundaries, as well as the establishment of systems for data security, data transaction, and cross-border data flows, will still need to be clarified. Nevertheless, the publication of the draft Data Security Law reflects China’s determination and confidence in regulating and optimising the legal system for data security in support to the digital economy.

By Charlotte on 18 August 2020

Transition Period for Mandatory Mask Standard GB 2626-2019 Extended by SAC

15/07/2020

The mandatory national standard GB 2626-2019 Respiratory protection — Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator, published on 31 December 2019, initially allowed a transition period of six months. However, SAC has recently decided to extend the transition period until 1 July 2021, mainly for the purpose of providing more effective support to COVID-19 prevention and control measures, and to ensure the stable supply of face masks. In line with the Administrative Measures for Mandatory National Standards, during the extended transition period, enterprises can follow either the previous GB 2626-2006 or the new GB 2626-2019 at their own will, though qualified enterprises are encouraged to start organising their production according to the latter.

 

China has long been criticised for not allowing transition periods to be sufficiently long to ensure the proper implementation of technical regulations, standards and certification. Cases like GB 2626 above for face masks, and CCC for explosion-proof electric apparatus, show that unreasonable transition periods are not only objectively hard to execute – thus creating a huge burden for enterprises – but also negatively affect emergency response. Therefore, we recommend that relevant agencies solicit public opinions in a more comprehensive manner and design reasonable transition period when developing such regulations, standards, or certification schemes, in order to ensure that they are science-based and reasonably.

 

New developments of communication standards: 19 national standards published, and 94 sectoral standard projects launched

02/07/2020

SAMR/SAC published, in the No. 8 and No. 14 Notice of 2020, 19 recommended national standards in the field of communications. Specifically:

  • Three information security standards, focusing on broadband security technology and testing methods, which will come into effect from 1 November 2020;
  • Sixteen technology standards covering optical communication, IPTV and communication power supply, which will come into effect from 1 January 2021.

China’s communication standards are mostly comprised of sectoral standards. In fact, the number of national communication standards, which before these new announcements had only accounted to 36 standards published by SAC, remains seriously inadequate if compared with over 2,700 sectoral standards. Therefore, the publication of 19 new national standards – together with other 200 standards currently under development – can be seen as an attempt and effort by SAC to address the issue by significantly expanding the scale of national communication standards.

Different from SAC, MIIT has been supplying the majority of sectoral standards for the communication industry. On 12 June 2020, MIIT announced the Plan for the Development and Revision of the First Batch of Sectoral Standards in 2020, which lists 94 sectoral standard-development and revision projects for the communication industry. Most of these standards are new, including fourteen 5G and next-generation mobile communication standards, five artificial intelligence standards, 22 industrial internet standards, eight IPv6 and next-generation internet standards, nine communication technology integration standards, 21 internet data security standards, and ten future network standards. These standardisation projects show how sectoral standards still play a dominant role in the communication field.

 

For more information, please visit

http://www.ccsa.org.cn/detail/2482?title=%E5%9B%BD%E6%A0%87%E5%A7%94%E6%89%B9%E5%87%86%E5%8F%91%E5%B8%833%E9%A1%B9%E9%80%9A%E4%BF%A1%E8%A1%8C%E4%B8%9A%E6%8E%A8%E8%8D%90%E6%80%A7%E5%9B%BD%E5%AE%B6%E6%A0%87%E5%87%86

http://www.ccsa.org.cn/detail/2484?title=%E5%9B%BD%E6%A0%87%E5%A7%94%E6%89%B9%E5%87%86%E5%8F%91%E5%B8%8316%E9%A1%B9%E9%80%9A%E4%BF%A1%E8%A1%8C%E4%B8%9A%E6%8E%A8%E8%8D%90%E6%80%A7%E5%9B%BD%E5%AE%B6%E6%A0%87%E5%87%86

http://www.ccsa.org.cn/detail/2490?title=%E5%B7%A5%E4%BF%A1%E9%83%A8%E4%B8%8B%E8%BE%BE94%E9%A1%B9%E9%80%9A%E4%BF%A1%E8%A1%8C%E4%B8%9A%E6%A0%87%E5%87%86%E5%88%B6%E4%BF%AE%E8%AE%A2%E8%AE%A1%E5%88%92

NPC Standing Committee’s 2020 Legislative Work Plan

01/07/2020

In June 2020, the NPC Standing Committee’s 2020 Legislative Work Plan was approved by the 44th meeting of chairmen of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress. In the process of formulating the legislative plan, the formulating agency took into account the requirements of the legislative plan of the 13th NPC Standing Committee and the revision of the law on public health legislation, and connected the legislative plan with the work points and plans of relevant central authorities. At the same time, the first draft of China’s Civil Code and the draft decision on establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding the national security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, were submitted to the National People’s Congress for deliberation. The 2020 law review work is arranged as follows:

 

Legal drafts under review (12 cases)

 

  1. Civil Code (adopted)
  2. Law on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste (Revised) (adopted)
  3. Biosafety Law (April)
  4. Public Officials’ Administrative Punishment Law (June)
  5. Patent Law (Revision) (June)
  6. Export Control Law (June)
  7. Archives Law (Revision) (June)
  8. Law on the Protection of Minors (Revision) (June)
  9. Urban Maintenance and Construction Tax Law (August)
  10. Deed tax law (August)
  11. Law on the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (Revision) (August)
  12. The Yangtze River Protection Law (October)

 

First review of the legal drafts (29 cases)

 

  1. Decision on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to Safeguard National Security (already passed)
  2. Decision on comprehensively prohibiting illegal wildlife trading, overcoming the abuse of wild animals, and ensuring the safety and health of the people (already passed)
  3. Animal Epidemic Prevention Law (Revised) (already submitted for review)
  4. Copyright Law (Revision) (already submitted for review)
  5. Law of the People’s Armed Police (Revised) (already submitted for review)
  6. Organic Law of the National People’s Congress (Revision), Rules of Procedure of the National People’s Congress (Revision)
  7. Electoral Law of the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at all levels (Revision)
  8. National Flag Law (Revision), National Emblem Law (Revision)
  9. Administrative Penalty Law (Revision)
  10. Administrative Reconsideration Law (Revision)
  11. Law on Penalties for Administration of Public Security (Revision)
  12. Maritime Traffic Safety Law (Revision)
  13. Wildlife Protection Law (Revision)
  14. Frontier Health and Quarantine Law (Revision)
  15. Infectious Disease Prevention Law (Revision), Emergency Response Law (Revision)
  16. Military Service Law (Revision)
  17. Production Safety Law (Revision)
  18. Criminal Law Amendment (11)
  19. Ombudsman Act
  20. Land Border Law
  21. Personal Information Protection Law
  22. Data Security Law
  23. Law on the Promotion of Rural Revitalisation
  24. Futures Law
  25. Hainan Free Trade Port Law
  26. Social Assistance Law
  27. Retired Army Support Law
  28. Legal Aid Law
  29. Anti-Organised Crime Law

 

In accordance with the provisions of the Decision of the National People’s Congress on Establishing and Perfecting the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to Maintain National Security, China will expedite the formulation of relevant laws to safeguard the national security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

IEC 60601 3rd Edition adopted in China

18/06/2020

International standards have always been an important source of China’s medical devices standards. In 1988, China began adopting the IEC 60601 serial standards to Chinese standards, ensuring the safety of medical electrical equipment sold in the Chinese market. These adopted standards are known as the GB 9701 serial standards in China. In the following years, China adopted the IEC 60601 standards successively.

 

 

 

China started the adoption of IEC 60601 3rd Edition in 2012. This process lasted a very long time until the first batch of adopted standards were published in April 2020.

The first four adopted standards released include:

  1. GB 9706.1-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance
  2. GB 9706.203-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 2-3: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of short-wave therapy equipment
  3. GB 9706.212-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 2-12: Particular requirements for basic safety and essential performance of critical care ventilators
  4. GB 9706.237-2020 Medical electrical equipment—Part 2-37: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of ultrasonic medical diagnostic and monitoring equipment

These standards are planned to come into force in May 2023.

 

GB 9706 serial standards play a pivotal role in maintaining the safety of all medical electrical products sold in the Chinese market. For each adoption, both the changes between the new and old versions and the modifications made from IEC standards will significantly impact the industry.

In this round of adoption, 35 new GB 9706 standards are planned to be developed by adopting 35 corresponding IEC 60601 standards. As for the core standard, GB 9706.1-2020, which comes from IEC 60601.1:2012, the following changes have been made:

In terms of differences between the new and old versions, the 2020 version puts forward more requirements on equipment’s basic performance, life expectancy, risk management, differentiated protection for operators and patients, testing methods for protection against electric shock, as well as fire prevention.

In terms of the modifications from the IEC standard, the modifications mainly lie in the following three aspects.

  1. Coordination with other Chinese standards. GB 9706.1 references 40 Chinese standards instead of IEC standards, among which 10 standards are adopted from ISO and IEC standards with modifications.
  2. More requirements on power plugs, especially for AC networks.
  3. ISO 13854:2017 was referenced for determining the parameters of acceptable safety gaps.

Apart from GB 9706.1-2020, there are 34 other supplementary and application-specific standards that will be used to support the implementation of GB 9706.1-2020 on specific products. However, absence of most of these supporting standards means GB 9706 serial standards still cannot be used as the evaluation standards for market access. According to an officer from NMPA/Medical Device Standards Management Centre, all standards of the standard series are expected to be published within one year. Considering that a transition period of three years for GB 9706 standards to be implemented has been determined, the later the supporting standards are released, the less time enterprises have to adjust their production. It is necessary to urge authorities to reconsider the transition period or release these standards as early as possible, so the industry has enough time to make corresponding adjustments.

 

CAS, CHEARI and JD Household Appliances Jointly Launch Association Standards for High-Efficiency Air Purifiers

01/06/2020

On May 20, 2020, the Technical Requirements and Experimental Methods for Performance of High-Efficiency Air Purifiers which was formulated by China Association for Standardization (CAS) and China Household Electric Appliance Research Institute (CHEARI) passed the review. The standard was led by Jingdong (JD) Household Appliances, jointly compiled by Philips, Blueair, Panasonic, IAM, Sharp, IQAir, 352, Huawei, A.O. Smith, etc. The new association standards have set a higher efficiency requirement than the relevant national standard and have detailed technical requirements for the purification of fine particles under 0.3 μm, sterilization, intelligent modes, air purity sensors and other aspects. They will become important reference standards for high-efficiency air purifiers after COVID-19. It is helpful for the air purification industry to meet the current market demand in time and satisfy the needs of more families to prevent the virus.

The current national standard of air purifier pays more attention to the purification effect and parameters of PM2.5 and chemical pollutants. Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the purification effect of fine-particle aerosols to which the virus attaches to has become the focus of consumers when purchasing air purifier products. Currently, there is no national standard for air purifiers that can deal with fine particles under 0.3 μm, therefore, the new standard is mainly to help consumers understand and choose the right high-efficiency air purifier.

 

The new standard improved the Technical Requirements and Testing Methods for Performance of High-Efficiency Air Purifiers, puts forward technical requirements and testing methods for air purifier products in terms of fine-particle aerosol clean air delivery rate (CADR), intelligent modes, and air quality sensors. It also puts forward higher evaluation requirements for CADR, bacterial elimination rate, purification efficiency, noise, harmful substances, etc. For example, the measured value of fine-particle aerosol CADR should not be less than 100 m3/h; the measured value of Cumulate Clean Mass (CCM) of particles should not be less than 12,000mg; the measured value of CCM of gaseous pollutants (formaldehyde) should not be less than 1500mg; if the purifier has the sterilization function, the sterilization rate should not be less than 99%.

 

For the Chinese version of the standards, please see: http://www.china-cas.org/zxdtxhxw/2025.jhtml

By Luna ZHAO on June 1, 2020.