Plenary Meeting of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Coordination and Promotion Group, Expert Advisory Group, and Administration Group Held in Beijing

20/10/2020

On 11 September 2020, the National Intelligence Manufacturing Standardisation Coordination and Promotion Group, Expert Advisory Group, Administration Group, held the plenary meeting in Beijing.

During the meeting, the requests and needs of the Chinese government for standardisation work in the field of intelligent manufacturing were illustrated in detail by Tian Shihong, leader of the Coordination and Promotion Group and administrator of the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC), and by Xin Guobin, the vice minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. These are:

  • Improve the system guarantee mechanism;
  • Revise and modify the Guidelines for the Establishment of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standards System;
  • Accelerate research on standards;
  • Further promote the application of standards;
  • Formulate and optimise performance evaluation indicators for the development of intelligent manufacturing;
  • Extend international cooperation.

You Zheng, the leader of the Expert Advisory Group, illustrated the Expert Advisory Group Work Report, which mainly summarises five major tasks undertaken by the group, specifically:

  • Improvement of the organisation mechanisms of the Expert Advisory Group;
  • Guiding of the revision of the Guidelines for the Establishment of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standards System;
  • Continuous support to intelligent manufacturing comprehensive standardisation projects;

You Zheng also pointed out that the Expert Advisory Group will continue to work on the basis of the Specifications on the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Group, specifically by providing advices to the Coordination and Promotion Group on the standardisation plan, system and policies in the field of intelligent manufacturing; by providing technical guidance to the Administrative Group; and by engaging in and promoting the research, formulation, divulgation, implementation and application of domestic and international standards in the field of intelligent manufacturing.

Zhao Bo, the leader of the Administrative Group and of the China Electronics Standardisation Institute (CESI), illustrated the Administrative Group Work Report, which mainly highlights four major achievements made by the group since 2016, including the establishment and optimisation of standardisation top-level planning; as well as the divulgation, implementation and promotion of standards. Zhao Bo also highlighted key existing challenges, and provided recommendations for the revision of the Guidelines for the Establishment of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standards System and for the establishment of an intelligent manufacturing standards system specific for each industry sector.

In addition, during the meeting officials from SAMR/SAC announced the new composition of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Coordination and Promotion Group, Expert Advisory Group and Administration Group, specifying their responsibilities and configuration. They also provided an overview of the following content:

  • Working System of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Expert Advisory Group (Revised Draft);
  • Charter of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Administrative Group (Revised Draft);
  • Procedures for Intelligent Manufacturing Standardisation Projects (Revised Draft);
  • Progress of the establishment of the intelligent manufacturing standards system for the shipbuilding industry, the building materials industry, and the petrochemical industry.

Finally, the officials also discussed on the Guidelines for the Establishment of the National Intelligent Manufacturing Standards System (2021 Edition) (Draft) and on the Work Plan for the Pilot Application of Intelligent Manufacturing Standards (Draft).

Background

https://www.sesec.eu/sac-and-miit-reconstitutes-the-national-intelligent-manufacturing-standardisation-coordination-group-general-working-group-and-advisory-group/

Origional news:

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/NXEkHnhL6q2GsQFmoi_F6g

The Publicity Video and English Version of GB/T 35273-2020 (Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification) Released

19/10/2020

The China Cybersecurity Week 2020 celebrated the theme of “Personal Information Protection” on 20 September 2020. That day, the Special Taskforce on the Collection and Use of Personal Information by Apps Violating Laws and Regulations – established under TC260 – hosted a thematic event in Beijing titled “Personal Information Protection for Apps”, during which the publicity video of the national standard GB/T 35273-2020 Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification was released for the first time. The purpose of the video is to facilitate the readers’ understanding of the content of the standard through visual and dynamic explanations. In addition, during the event the English version of GB/T 35273-2020 was also released, with the aim to facilitate access to the content of the standard by all relevant readers in China and abroad, as well as to accelerate the further promotion and implementation of the standard.

In the Internet era, while people enjoy the convenience and inclusiveness brought by big data, their personal information is inevitably being collected and used. Every transaction, browsing, communication, etc., could be recorded and analysed. Therefore, personal information has become an important resource pursued by many companies. While people expect their personal information to be collected and used lawfully, problems such as leakage, misuse, and excessive collection of personal information remain very frequent, hurting people’s interests. The question of how to regulate the collection and use of personal information has always been the key focus of global data governance.

In December 2017, GB/T 35273-2017 Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification was officially released. Proposed and organised by the National Information Security Standardisation Technical Committee (TC260), GB/T 35273-2017 is the first national standard indicating clear requirements for every step of personal information processing activities, including collection, use, storage and sharing. The standard was later amended to incorporate best practices and experience from relevant laws, regulations, standards and technical specifications around the world in the field of personal information protection, and at the same time to include additional requirements addressing security risks. The amended version was released in March 2020 and took effect on 1 October 2020. The standard has also frequently been recommended frequently by authorities, and it has now become the go-to guide for many companies seeking to develop a personal information protection compliance system.

The full text of the English version of GB/T 35273-2020 (Information Security Technology—Personal Information Security Specification) is available at: https://www.tc260.org.cn/front/postDetail.html?id=20200918200432.

By Haley WU on 19 October

First China-led Financial Blockchain Standard Project Approved in ITU

16/10/2020

The plenary meeting of the International Telecommunication Union – Telecommunication Standardisation Sector (ITU-T) Study Group 16 was held online from 22 June to 3 July 2020.

 

During the meeting, the Financial Distributed Ledger Technology Application Guideline was approved. The standard was led by the Digital Currency Research Institute of China (DCRI) and was jointly initiated by the China Academy for Information and Communications (CAICT) and Huawei, among others.

 

Currently, major countries and international organisations are accelerating the technological innovation and application of blockchain. China is not an exception: various efforts have been made to speed up and promote the innovation and development of the blockchain technology and industry. In particular within the finance sector, blockchain technology has already been widely adopted in trade finance, bill exchanging, supply chain finance, deposit certificate, reconciliation, asset securitization and others.

 

For a long time, DCRI has proactively undertaken work in the field of legal digital currency and blockchain standardisation. Leveraging on the core role of the SAC/TC180 (Finance)/Legal Digital Currency Standards Working Group, it researched and formulated the standards for the distributed ledger technology and other financial technologies, in with the aim to standardise the technology and application of the distributed ledger.

 

The approved Financial Distributed Ledger Technology Application Guideline is the first financial blockchain international standard project led by China. China looks forward to using this standard as a framework to:

  • Contribute to the planning and layout of the financial blockchain international standards system;
  • Create sub-standards such as reference frames, risk control, security and privacy protection, and financial blockchain business specifications in various fields;
  • Submit more China-led financial blockchain standards to ITU-T;
  • Make more contributions to the formulation of international rules.

 

https://www.cfstc.org/jinbiaowei/2929436/2976999/index.html

 

SAC/TC28 sets up the Smart City Standardisation Working Group

15/10/2020

On 17 September 2020, the SAC/TC28 Smart City Standardisation Working Group held its first and inaugural meeting in Beijing.

During the meeting, Dai Hong, the leader of the Working Group and former inspector of the State Administration for Market Regulation’s Product Quality Security Supervision and Management Department, outlined for main objectives and requirements for the working group:

  • Complete, as soon as possible, the formulation of the framework of the standards system, as well as short- and long-term standardisation plans;
  • Adhere to the principle of openness, by actively involving local governments, the public and private sectors, and other relevant parties;
  • Closely monitor international developments and trends, and design of an international standardisation strategy;
  • Carry out work in strict adherence to the regulations approved during the first inaugural meeting.

The meeting reviewed various procedural documents, including the regulations of the working group, the administrative methods for the thematic groups and panels, and the 2020 work plan. The participants exchanged views and discussed in particular on the organisation mechanisms of the working group, as well as its key research areas and methodologies. The working group will next focus on the establishment of standards system and mechanisms, specifically through the launch of fundamental research, the development of national standards, participation in international standardisation activities, as well as standards implementation and promotion.

To date, China has achieved significant progress in the standardisation of smart city, including the establishment of:

  • The National Smart City Standardisation Coordination and Promotion Group, Administration Group and Expert Advisory Group, whose objectives are to propel the work of China smart city standardisation and the formulation of the basic general standards;
  • SAC/TC28, focusing on information technology;
  • SAC/TC426, focusing on construction;
  • SAC/TC268, focusing on transportation;
  • CCSA, focusing on communication technology;
  • And other organisations and institutions such as CNIS, which contributed to the formulation of smart city standards from various perspectives, e.g. sustainable development.

Among these standardisation organisations, TC28 has been the longest and biggest source of smart city standards. The establishment of the Smart City Standards Working Group under TC28, therefore, can be seen as another step taken by China to further strengthen and centralise standardisation work in the field of smart city.

 

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/1aYT_wa-epCgircqWdbO5g

Face of Standardization: CEN-CENELEC Interview with Dr. Betty XU

10/10/2020

10 June 2020 is an important day for the CEN and CENELEC Community. In 1960, representatives from ISO and IEC members in the European Economic Community (EEC) and EFTA countries agreed to the creation of two European Standardization Organizations, CEN and CENEL – which then became CENELEC. In a period that witnessed the founding steps of European integration, such agreement of principles set the basis for the creation of a common European Standardization System. In 2020, CEN and CENELEC celebrate 60 years of collaboration on European standardization, and this provides us with an opportunity to look back at the successes achieved, and to reflect on the road that is still ahead.

As part of the celebrations, CEN and CENELEC launched the project ‘Faces of standardization’, which features the publication of a series of monthly interviews with different individuals who are actively contributing to European standardization. The interviewees include the Chair of CEN/TC, the Chair of CEN-CENELEC JTC, the Director General APPLiA, as well as SESEI (Seconded European Standardization Expert for India) and SESEC (Seconded European Standardization Expert in China).

In September 2020, Dr. Betty XU, Director of SESEC project, was interviewed by CEN-CENELEC. During the interview, Dr. Betty XU introduced herself and her involvement in standardization affairs, also through a series of anecdotes from her 14 years’ of direct experience in the field. In terms of European Standardization, Dr Betty XU analyzed the benefits and the main achievements of European Standardization System in detail; she also shared her views on the evolution and directions of standardization for the next 60 years, particularly her conviction that there will be more harmonized standards all over the world to support product and technology interoperability and international trade. SESEC project will continue its efforts to enhance the visibility of European standardization activities in China, to increase the cooperation between Chinese and European standardization bodies, and to support European companies facing standardization-related issues hampering market access to China.

The full text of CEN-CENELEC interview with Dr. Betty XU is available at: https://www.cencenelec.eu/aboutus/60Years/Documents/FacesOfStandardization_SESEC_HR.pdf.

For more information, you can browse the official website of CEN-CENELEC on CEN and CENELEC celebrate 60 years of Contributing to Standardization in 2020.

By Haley WU on 9 October 2020

2020 Annual Meeting of the Working Group on Green Manufacturing Standards for Automobile Industry Held in Tianjin

30/09/2020

On 10 September 2020, the National Technical Committee for Auto Standardisation (NTCAS) held the “2020 Annual Meeting of the Working Group on Green Manufacturing Standards for the Automobile Industry” in Tianjin. The meeting was attended by more than 20 experts from the Auto Standardisation Research Institute (ASRI) of CATARC (the SOE holding the NTCAS), automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), universities and testing agencies.

During the meeting, the representatives of the working group first provided an overview of the work and progress of the working group in 2020. In particular, they presented the framework of the standards system of green manufacturing and circular economy in the automotive industry, reviewed the projects on industrial energy conservation and green standardisation, and also summarised the progress of standardisation research, outlining proposals for follow-up actions.

Then, the working group discussed in detail the drafts of various standards, including:

  • Guidelines for Green Factory of Automobile Industry;
  • Calculation Method of Overall Energy Consumption for Per Unit Output of Automobile Products;
  • Calculation Method of Overall Water Consumption for Per Unit Output of Automobile Products;
  • Evaluation of Green Supply Chain Management Practices in Automobile Industry;
  • Technical Specification for Green-design Product Assessment for Automobiles.

In particular, the experts focused their discussion mostly on the first document (which has been indicated as the key framework document guiding the establishment of the green manufacturing standards system), specifically on how to improve the applicability of the guidelines, its evaluation index weight, and the limit requirements of partial clauses. The Guidelines for Green Factory of Automobile Industry is expected to set up an evaluation index system for green factory that meets the needs of industrial development, guiding the automobile industry to efficiently manage green factories and thus standardise the green manufacturing in factories.

 

Background:

Following stricter laws and regulations on energy and environmental protection, and the growing momentum for the establishment of green factories, the automobile industry is burgeoning and consuming more energy. At the same time, however, there is a lack of evaluation methods and detailed rules for automobiles green factories in China – highlighting the need to formulate evaluation standards and rules for the industry, thus contributing to green manufacturing.

The Working Group on Green Manufacturing Standards for the Automobile Industry was established by NTCAS against this backdrop, and to improve green manufacturing standards of the auto industry. Its establishment is also seen as a response to the call of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC) to establish a green manufacturing standards system – which is illustrated in detail in the Guidelines for the Establishment of the Green Manufacturing Standards System jointly formulated by MIIT and SAC. This document is aimed at implementing the Made in China 2025 initiative and promoting the standardisation of green manufacturing.

The document highlighted that the energy-saving and comprehensive utilisation standards systems in various industries and telecommunications should be combined into an integrated system of green manufacturing standards – which is divided into seven key aspects: composite foundation, green products, green plants, green enterprises, green parks, green supply chain and green evaluation and services:

 

 

 

 

 

 

As one of the major industries underpinning the establishment of the green manufacturing standards system, the automobile industry will follow the seven key aspects above. The standards revised by the working group can contribute to improve the whole system of green manufacturing standards in the auto industry, and provide foundation for the green evaluation of automobiles in the future.

 

http://www.catarc.org.cn/work/detail/1964.html

China Standardisation Development Annual Report (2019) released

29/09/2020

On 9 September 2020, the Standardisation Administration of China (SAC) released the China Standardisation Development Annual Report (2019). The report is a flagship publication that every year reviews and summarises the key takeaways from China’s standardisation work.

In particular, the report illustrates that, in 2019, China achieved the following key results:

  • Released 2,021 national standards;
  • Prepared and established 41 national professional standardisation technology organisations – including one dedicated to blockchain;
  • Filed 4,880 new industry standards and 7,238 local standards;
  • Added 6,227 association standards;
  • Added an additional 55,962 self-declared enterprise standards, bringing the total number of self-declared enterprise standards released to over 370,000.

In terms of deepening the standardisation reform, in 2019 China further integrated and streamlined mandatory standards. In particular, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Transport, and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, have proactively promoted the integration and revision of mandatory national standards to support the policy of “Three Inspections in One” for road vehicles. Recommended national standards were also further optimised, by adopting strict approval procedures which led to an increase of the project rejection rate of recommended national standards to 52%. Association standards also developed rapidly, with more than 12,000 association standards released by more than 3,000 social organisations, covering areas such as smart transportation, sharing economy, and elderly care services. Enterprise standards were also further invigorated through the deep implementation of the enterprise standards ‘top runner’ scheme, which in 2019 selected 315 enterprise standards from 245 companies. Finally, in 2019 China also actively promoted the comprehensive reform of local standardisation: Shanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other provinces refined 11 standards, including on regional coordination, which can be replicated and promoted on a wider scale; 8 regional coordination standards were also released for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, while Hainan, Zhengzhou and Yiwu explored and actively promoted city-centred standardisation innovation.

 

In terms of the construction of standards systems, in 2019 China achieved remarkable results especially in (i) agricultural and rural standardisation work, and (ii) food quality and safety:

  • For the agricultural and rural standards system, China introduced a new era of top-level design of standardisation; it issued and implemented 113 national standards for various fields, including agricultural input quality safety assurance, animal and plant disease prevention and control, and agricultural product quality classification; and focused on establishing a comprehensive, whole-chain, multi-layer and modern agricultural standards system.
  • For the food quality and safety standards system, China continued to promote the establishment of a national food quality and safety standards system; it comprehensively carried out the clearance and streamlining of national food quality standards, it promoted the upgrading of manufacturing standards, and promoted the establishment of new industrial standards systems.

In addition, in 2019 China vigorously promoted the standardisation of elderly care services and domestic service industry; formulated national standards for urban rail transit facilities and operations; promoted the establishment of a standards system for national ecological pilot sites; promoted the standardisation of pilots projects on community-level government; summarised successful experiences in standardisation that can be replicated and promoted on a wider scale, gained from sectors such as construction of ‘beautiful towns and villages’, rural property rights transfer, new urbanisation, urban-industrial integration, etc.

 

Furthermore, the Report also indicates that China in 2019 further enhanced the functions of the National Standards Full Text Disclosure System, disclosing 1,804 standards. An information service platform for industry standards and local standards was established; while the international standards information platform, the China-Europe and the China-Germany standardisation platforms achieved effective linkages with other international and foreign standards such as ISO, IEC, German, French, and Spanish standards. The National Public Service Platform for Standard Information provided more than 180 national and industry standards from Kazakhstan, Russia, Sweden and other countries. The National Standard Implementation Feedback Platform was put into operation, while the National Standard Formulation and Revision System was also introduced – featuring a mechanism for collecting and processing feedback on standards implementation. Linkages were also established to connect standardisation work with law enforcement, inspections, and quality management, so to contribute to standards formulation and information-sharing. Moreover, China further improved evaluation methods for the effectiveness of implementation of national standards, and successfully evaluated a set of key standards in the field of engineered wood and cosmetics – thus providing direct evidence for the revision of relevant standards. Finally, the number of legal persons and other organisations in the Unified Social Credit Code Database exceeded 100 million for the first time – reaching 101.92 million, an increase of 26.75% from 2018; the registration coverage was further expanded, covering more than 30 types of institutions. The national commodity database was also strengthened, with the total amount of data entries in the database exceeding 100 million and ranking first in the world.

 

For the Chinese version of the report, please visit

http://www.sac.gov.cn/sxxgk/zcwj/202008/P020200827470578698634.pdf

2020 China Cybersecurity Week: Cybersecurity Standards Forum Held in Zhengzhou

28/09/2020

On 16 September 2020, as part of the activities scheduled for the 2020 China Cybersecurity Week, the Cybersecurity Standards Forum was held in Zhengzhou, Henan province. The Forum was sponsored by the Zhengzhou Municipal People’s Government, organised by the National Information Security Standardisation Technical Committee (TC260), and co-organised by the China Electronics Standardisation Institute (CESI).

During the forum, key speakers and participants stressed that cybersecurity standardisation work should be undertaken to contribute to the implementation of the decisions of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, particularly with respect to:

  • Strengthening top-level research on national standards on cybersecurity; optimising and improving the national cybersecurity standards system;
  • Accelerating the development of urgently-needed key standards, especially on data security for online platforms and for biometric identification;
  • Strengthening international standardisation exchanges and cooperation.

The forum also remarked the key directions of cybersecurity work – and in particular of cybersecurity standardisation – which were indicated by President Xi Jinping “Four Perseverances”:

  • Promoting the development of urgently needed key standards;
  • Making significant efforts to improve the quality of standards;
  • Enhancing the timeliness of standards development;
  • Dedicating to the establishment of standardisation talent teams.

Among the keynote speakers of the forum, there were: LIU Xiangang, Deputy Secretary General of TC260, who introduced the overall situation of national standardisation of cybersecurity; WANG Jianmin, Dean of Tsinghua University, who illustrated several data security standards and good practices; LI Jingchun, chief engineer of the National Research Centre for Information Technology Security, whose speech focused on the security and protection of critical information infrastructure. YUAN Jie, Deputy General Manager of Information Security Management and Operation Centre of China Mobile, who shared the achievements made in the standardisation of 5G security; LIU Bei, Director of the National Information Centre, who introduced the security standards and good practices for remote and mobile working offices; Dr HU Ying, from CESI, who provided an overview of the progress of standardisation of AI security; XUE Yongbo, from Huawei, who introduced the security standards and good practices for supply chain; and finally JIANG Zengzeng, standardisation expert from Tencent, who introduced face recognition security and standardisation practices.

As one of the important activities of this year’s China Cybersecurity Week (which was held in Zhengzhou from 14 to 20 September 2020), the Cybersecurity Standards Forum played a positive role in promoting good practices and increasing awareness of the implementation and application of national cybersecurity standards.

The Cybersecurity Standard Forum was entirely recorded and can be viewed online through the following link: http://www.gjwlaqxcz.cn/forum/detail?id=11.

By Haley WU on 28 September

2020 (3rd) China IPv6 Development Forum held in Beijing

26/09/2020

On 28 August 2020, the Expert Committee for the Large-scale Deployment of IPv6 held the 2020 (third) China IPv6 Development Forum in Beijing. The purpose of the forum was to accelerate the large-scale deployment of next generation Internet technologies based on the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), as well as to promote the divulgation of IPv6 applications and the coordinated development of IPv6 technology, industry, network, and applications.

According to academician Dr. Wu Henquan, a keynote speaker of the forum, by July 2020 more than 90% of LTE users in China were allocated IPv6 addresses, while the number of active IPv6 users reached 362 million – corresponding to approximately 40% of total Chinese Internet users. The total IPv6 data flow on the three major telecommunication companies LTE core network reached 4372Gbps, accounting to 10% of the total. In addition, the top 100 commercial websites and applications in China can be accessed through IPv6.

Currently, the world internet based on IPv4 is facing serious problems like exhausted network addresses and low-quality services. IPv6, on the other hand, can provide sufficient network addresses and vast innovative opportunities. IPv6 is the globally recognised solution for the next generation of commercial internet applications. In this context, China has been very proactive in promoting the large-scale deployment of IPv6, releasing in recent years various key policy documents, including:

  • The Action Initiative to Promote the Large-scale Deployment of the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), released in 2017 by the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. The document outlined a series of objectives to be reached by IPv6 by the end of 2020 in China, including: (i) number of active IPv6 users to exceed 500 million and accounting to more than 50% of all Internet users; (ii) new network addresses to abandon private IPv4 addresses; and (iii) accelerate the deployment of IPv6 in a series of priority areas, such as: China’s top 100 commercial websites and applications; governments outside the network website system or above the municipal level; radio and television media website systems above the city and prefecture level; large internet databases; the top ten content distribution networks; all cloud products of the top ten cloud service platforms; 5G networks and services; as well as new mobile and fixed terminals, and international entrances and exits.
  • The Notice on Launching the Special Operation for IPv6 Network Readiness in 2019, released by MIIT in April 2019. It outlined a detailed operation for a comprehensive IPv6 transformation of backbone networks, metropolitan area networks, and access networks.
  • The Notice on Carrying out the Special operation to Improve IPv6 End-to-End Connectivity in 2020, released by MIIT in March 2020. Taking as core objective the improvement of the user experience of IPv6 networks and the achievement of application requirements, the document outlined three milestones for large-scale IPv6 deployment in 2020, namely to significantly improve network performance, active connections, and data flow proportions.

The Chinese government is steadily promoting the comprehensive replacement of IPv4 with IPv6, and cultivating new IPv6 application ecosystems. However, judging from the data released during the 2020 (third) China IPv6 Development Forum, it emerges that there still is a gap between the current IPv6 deployment level and the expected objectives.

Finally, it is noteworthy that during the forum, the Expert Committee for the Large-scale Deployment of IPv6 also issued the white paper of China IPv6 Development status, and hosted two thematic parallel sessions: IPv6+ Industry Salon, and IPv6 and New Development in Education and Research.

http://www.cac.gov.cn/2020-09/04/c_1600778122447467.htm

China-led International Standard for Smart City ICT Reference Framework Released

23/09/2020

On 7 August 2020, the international standard for smart city ICT framework (ISO/IEC 30145-3:20, 20 Information Technology — Smart City ICT Reference Framework — Part 3: Smart City Engineering Framework) was officially released. It is the first Smart City ICT Reference Framework standard released by ISO/IEC JTC 1; its development was led by China.

The ISO/IEC 30145 series of international standards put forward, from different perspectives, the framework, principles and requirements of information and communication technologies in support to the construction of smart cities. The newly-released part 3 of the standard focuses on the engineering perspective: it provides the ICT framework, structured in layers of information and communication technologies, essential for the operation of smart cities. This framework also provides the mapping of the ICT techniques to various system entities in order to support the smart city’s business, knowledge management, and operational systems from the engineering perspective. Part 1 and part 2 of ISO/IEC 30145 – respectively Smart City Business Process Framework and Smart City Knowledge Management Framework – are expected to be released in 2021. In addition, ISO/IEC JTC 1/WG 11 (Smart City Working Group) has recently started the compilation of guidelines for the application and implementation of international standards such as ICT reference framework and ICT evaluation index: these will provide systematic solutions for the overall planning of smart cities within global cities, as well as for the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of specific smart city ICT projects.

The ISO/IEC 30145 series of international standards is developed by ISO/IEC JTC 1/WG 11 (Smart City Working Group), together with the China Electronics Standardisation Institute (CESI) and experts from Peking University, the New Generation Standardisation Institute of the Shandong Academy of Sciences, the China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC), Tencent, CETC Great Wall and other enterprises, as well as experts from the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and other countries. The approval of this series of international standards was mainly proposed by Chinese experts, based on China’s national standard GB/T 34678-2017 Smart City Technology Reference Model – thus representing a milestone for the internationalisation of China’s smart city standards and experience in urbanisation.

CESI is the Secretariat and mirror committee in China of ISO/IEC JTC 1/WG 11. CESI has always committed to the development, application and promotion of international standards for ICT in smart cities, continuously illustrating China’s smart city practices and solutions with the international community, and uniting with countries around the world to meet the challenges and opportunities of smart cities. To date, a total of ten international standards for ICT in smart cities have been approved – six of which are based on China’s national standards or practical experience.

The original news in Chinese is available at: http://www.cesi.cn/202008/6716.html

By Haley WU on 23 September