From July 6 to 8, 2021, the National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization (SAC/TC 114) held the 7th International Symposium on Technologies & Standards and Regulations for Intelligent Connected Vehicles (ICV2021) in Cangzhou, Hebei province. The meeting provided an overview of China’s recent progress in the supervision and standardization work for intelligent connected vehicles (ICV). Specifically:
- Entry requirements:
- In April 2021, MIIT issued the “Guidelines for the Administration of Access by Intelligent Connected Vehicle Producers and Products (Trial Implementation)”, outlining entry requirements for ICV producers and products with qualified autonomous driving and highly automated driving functions.
- Three mandatory national standards were approved and are expected to be released in late 2022: (i) General technical requirements for software update of vehicles; (ii) Technical requirements and test methods for the cybersecurity of complete vehicles; and (iii) Intelligent and connected vehicles – Data storage system for automated driving.
- Functional security is involved in the market access management requirements for vehicles and related products, including mandatory standards such as GB 21670, GB 17675, GB 21670, and GB 12676.
- Regulatory dynamics:
Between May and June 2021, MIIT and CAC issued a number of documents for certain key fields:
- Identity authentication: MIIT Notice on Carrying out the Pilot Work of IoV Identity Authentication and Security Trust.
- Internet of Vehicles Card: MIIT Notice on Enhancing Management of Real-Name Registration of IoV Cards (Draft for Comments);
- Network Security: MIIT Notice on Enhancing the Network Security of Internet of Vehicles (IoV) (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) (Draft for Comments);
- Data Security: Several Provisions on the Administration of Automobile Data Security (Draft to Solicit Comments).
- Development of government standards:
- Research and development were carried out for more than 80 standardization projects, in line with the Guidelines for the Construction of Internet of Vehicles Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) and the Key Points of Intelligent Connected Vehicles Standardization Work in 2020.
- The ’14th Five-Year Plan’ Standard System Planning for Intelligent Connected Vehicles was completed; while the new standard module of “Resource Management and Information Service” was added into the Guidelines for the Construction of Internet of Vehicles Standard System (Intelligent Connected Vehicles) – which includes four aspects of standards including operating systems, computing platforms, functional software, and data application.
- Standardization of components required for key vehicle features, such as equipment including vehicle radar, navigation, and camera; in-vehicle high-speed network; vehicle chips, etc., has become the priority.
- Association standards:
- The China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) Big Data Committee is in the process of developing standards for Data Format and Definition of Intelligent Connected Vehicles.
- The Telematics Industry Application Alliance (TIAA) has issued, or is currently in the process of developing, multiple standards for ICV, such as Data Security and Sharing Reference Architecture of Intelligent Connected Vehicles, Interference Interception and Avoidance Specification for Vehicle Wave Radar, Security Requirements for Sharing Data of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, etc.
- The China Industry Innovation Alliance for Intelligent Connected Vehicles (CAICV) has issued, or is currently in the process of developing, over 20 standards for ICV, including Cooperative Intelligent Transportation System; Vehicular Communication; Application Layer Specification and Data Exchange Standard; IOV Insurance Innovation & Data Intelligent Application Related Data Collection Requirement; Technical Specifications for the Operation Safety Test of Intelligent Connected Vehicle; etc.
- Internationalization of standards
- In June 2021, the China Automobile Standards Internationalization Centre (Geneva) was established, with the aim to facilitate and promote more in-depth participation in and coordination with the international standardization activities of the United Nations, ISO, and IEC.
During the symposium, NTCAS also held the first-ever Exhibition on the Standardization Achievements of ICVs, showcasing to participants and visitors China’s recent core projects and development in the field of ICV standards.