China’s blockchain has risen to the height of national strategy. Blockchain technology has been listed as a strategic frontier technology in the “Thirteenth Five-Year” national informatization plan. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and other departments have also issued a series of policy documents to encourage the application and innovation of blockchain. China is now actively promote the integration of blockchain with information technology such as big data, artificial intelligence and cloud computing, and encourage the innovative application of blockchain technology in financial technology and other fields.


Chinese policies and regulations on Blockchain

Date Published  Issuing Authority Documents
Top level strategies


2016.10 MIIT Whitepaper on China Blockchain Technology and Application Development


2016.12 The State Council “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” National Informatization Plan
2018.09 NDRC



Guiding Opinions on Developing the Digital Economy to Stabilize and Increase Employment


Regulations and department rules 2019.01 Cyberspace Administration of China


Provisions on the Administration of Blockchain Information Services


2016.12 MIIT Software and Information Technology Service Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)
2017.01 MIIT Big Data Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)
2017.11 The State Council Guiding Opinions of the State Council on Deepening the “Internet plus Advanced Manufacturing” and Developing the Industrial Internet


Blockchain standardization of China

Blockchain SDOs of China

  1. National Blockchain and Distributed Bookkeeping Technology Standardization Technical Committee is now under establishment.
  • Mirrors ISO/TC 307 and fulfills the responsibilities of China’s domestic counterparts
  • Effectively gathers the standardized resources of China blockchain, and coordinates and promotes the standardization of blockchain
  • Accelerates the establishment of China’s blockchain standard system
  1. SAC TC28 National Information Technology Standardization Technical Committee
  • The secretariat is held by CESI
  • In charge of developing the blockchain national standards:
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Reference Architecture
    • Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Data Format Specification
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Application guidelines for proof of existence
    • Information Technology – Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technology – Smart contract implementing specifications

     3. SAC TC260 National Information Security Standardization Technical Committee

  • The secretariat of TC260 is held by CESI
  • In charge of the blockchain security standardization work, and developing national standards on blockchain security

    4. CCSA

  • The blockchain standardization work for the communication industry is undertaken by the Blockchain Sub-WG of CCSA/TC 10 IoT – WG1
  • Sector standards of CCSA
    • Blockchain Platform Security Technology Requirements (under development)
    • Blockchain Digital Storage and Interactive Protection Technical Specifications (under development)

    5. CESI


  • CESI was founded in 1963, it is a professional institute under MIIT. CESI oversees standardization work in the field of electronics and the IT industry
  • CESI holds the secretariat of SAC/TC260 and SAC/TC 28
  • Key member of the China Blockchain Technology and Industry Development Forum (hereinafter the “CBD Forum”)
  1. The CBD Forum
  • Under the guidance of MIIT, the CBD Forum was established in Beijing on October 18, 2016. Members include CESI, Wanxiang Blockchain, Weizhong Bank, PingAn Bank and other key Chinese enterprises engaged in blockchain business
  • Blockchain Association Standards of the CBD Forum
No. Standard Status
1 Blockchain – Reference Architecture Published
2 Blockchain – Data format specifications Published
3 Blockchain – Smart contract implementing specifications Published
4 Blockchain – Application guidelines for proof of existence Published
5 Blockchain – Privacy protection specifications Published
6 Blockchain – Cross-Blockchain implementation guidelines Published
7 Blockchain – Privacy-preserving computing service guidelines Published
8 Blockchain – Logistics tracking service application guidelines Published
9 Blockchain – Genetic data application guidelines Published
10 Blockchain – Evaluation system Published